Social Unrest of Betawi‘s Traditional Arts and Culture Performers during COVID-19 Pandemic


  • Iwan Henry Wardhana School of Strategic and Global Studies
  • Renny Nurhasana School of Strategic and Global Studies



Betawi culture and arts, social unrest, public policies, crisis management


The Covid-19 pandemic has led many people to reduce gathering outside their homes. The imposition of social restrictions and territorial quarantine has caused social unrest in many sectors of society. This social unrest occurs because economic activities have stopped or decreased suddenly and income has decreased drastically. Social unrest is an escalation process that must be handled immediately so that it does not escalate to a higher level. The level of social unrest begins with disappointment with a policy experienced by a community. This social unrest is experienced by Betawi’s traditional arts and culture performers in Jakarta due to a sudden decrease in the number of artistic and cultural activities that have an impact on their economic activities. Their social unrest data is then collected by Jakarta Capital City Government, through the Jakarta Culture Office via an intensive interview with Betawi’s traditional arts and culture figures. The results of the interviews were identified and then used as the basis for formulating policies that could reduce social unrest in the Betawi arts and cultural performers. Preventing social unrest from moving to a greater level means preventing greater handling costs that have to be carried out at a larger level.


Doern, R., Williams, N. and Vorley, T. (2019). Special issue on entrepreneurship and crises: business as usual? An introduction and review of the literature, Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 31(5-6), 400-412,

Domínguez, D. C., Terceño, J. R. and Báez, A. B. (2019). El malestar social a través de las nuevas tecnologías: Twitter como herramienta política. Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, 74(10), 1264-1290.

Holdo, M. and Bengtsson, B. (2020). Marginalization and riots: A rationalistic explanation of urban unrest. Housing, Theory, and Society, 37(2), 162-179,

Jovanovic, A., Schröter, R. and Renn, O. (2019). Social unrest: A systemic risk perspective. GRF Davos Planet@Risk, 2(2), 125-134.

Kuckertz, A., Brändle, L., Gaudig, A., Hinderer, S., Reyes, C. A. M., Prochotta, A., Steinbrink, K. and Berger, E. S. (2020). Startups in times of crisis–A rapid response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 13, 1-13.

Mei, C. (2020) Policy style, consistency and the effectiveness of the policy mix in China’s fight against COVID-19. Policy and Society, 39(3), 309-325.

Moleong, L. J. (2017). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif (Edisi Revisi). Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Robinson, J. P. (2000). Phases of the qualitative research interview with institutionalized elderly individuals. Journal of gerontological nursing, 26(11), 17-23.

Sharkansky, I. and Hofferbert, R. (2018). Dimensions of State Politics, Economics, and Public Policy. The American Political Science Review, 63(3), 867-879.

Walensky, R. P. and del Rio, C. (2020) From mitigation to containment of the COVID-19 pandemic: Putting the SARS-CoV-2 genie back in the bottle. JAMA, 323(19), 1889-1890.

Williams, T. A., Gruber, D. A., Sutcliffe, K. M., Shepherd, D. A. and Zhao, E. Y. (2017). Organizational response to adversity: Fusing crisis management and resilience research streams. Academy of Management Annals, 11(2), 733-769,