Character Education in an Acehnese Cultural Saga: Hikayat Prang Sabi


  • RN Herman Department of Bahasa Indonesia Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  • Mukhlis Mukhlis Department of Bahasa Indonesia Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  • Firman Parlindungan Center for Curriculum and Language Development, UniversitasTeuku Umar, Meulaboh, Aceh, Indonesia
  • Lia Lisyati Center for Curriculum and Language Development, UniversitasTeuku Umar, Meulaboh, Aceh, Indonesia
  • Rahmad Nuthihar Department of Electrical Construction and Maintenance, Akademi Komunitas Negeri Aceh Barat, Meulaboh, Indonesia.



character education, Acehnese culture, war saga


The research sought to understand the value of patriotism in the Hikayat Prang Sabi by using a qualitative approach. Hikayat was referred to narratives (saga) of war rooted in Acehnese cultural tradition, and Prang Sabi in Acehnese language meant ‘Holy War’. As a literary work, Hikayat Prang Sabi embodied the concept of jihad, which was usually sung during the time of war in the Acehnese history: Portuguese in 1511, Dutch in 1873, Japan in 1942, and the Republic of Indonesia in 1976. The source of the data was verses or stanzas of Hikayat Prang Sabi that contained patriotic values. These verses were then treated as the unit of analysis. A hermeneutic approach was employed to analyze the data. The findings show that Hikayat Prang Sabi contains two types of patriotic values: national and religious. National value refers to the sense of nationalism, ethnicity, and humanity. Religious value, on the other hand, displays the value of spirituality, prophecy, and peace. These values indicate the foundation of thinking and doing of the Acehnese people manifested in a literary work, which then can be transferred into the notion of character education.


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