Analysis of Society Conditions/Reality During Chinese Feudal Era in the Novel Liaozhai Zhiyi
Keywords:Liaozhai Zhiyi, feudal era, social reality, Pu Songling, ghosts and spirits, China
Liaozhai Zhiyi is a compilation of short stories created by the Qing Dynasty novelist, Pu Songling. The main concept is not centered on regular ghost stories, but the author told a story on real life and the fantasy world by describing realities of society life in the feudal era. The author, through stories in Liaozhai Zhiyi, analyses social reality in their education, politics, love, economic and moral aspects. The author of Liaozhai Zhiyi uses of a lot of stories concerning fox spirits, ghosts, and other types of spirits in portraying his critics and anger towards incidents happening in feudal China. Analysis shows that Liaozhai Zhiyi broadly depicts social reality happening in feudal era in education, politics, love, economic and moral aspects. Liaozhai Zhiyi also criticizes the corrupt government official examination scheme, and the crime and decadence of the feudal government. In contrast, the stories also praised the freedom of young men and women seeking love in marriage, endorsing young men and women to reject arranged marriages, showing women in the economic independence and social advancement, and summed up the lessons of social life.
冯胜利、冯禹. (2006).用中文谈中国M. 北京：北京语言大学出版社
李家巍、曲德来. (2006). 中国文化十万个为什么M. 北京：辽海出版社
刘晓. (2009). 论《聊斋志异》中的择偶标准及其审美情趣J. 西南农业大学学报（社会科 学版）,7.(2):130-133.
南帆、刘小新、练暑生. (2008). 文学理论基础M. 北京：北京大学出版社
童庆炳. (2008). 文学理论教程教学参考书（修订二版）M. 北京：高等教育出版社
袁行霈. (2002). 中国文学概论M. 北京：高等教育出版社
Nio, Joe Lan. (2004). Sastra Cina Sepintas Lalu. Jakarta: PT. Bhuana Ilmu Populer
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License - Share Alike that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
c. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options, currently being defined for this journal as follows: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike (CC BY-SA)