Functions and Strategies to the Integration of Multicultural Values in Textbook Discourse for Elementary School Students

Authors

  • Sultan Sultan Faculty of Languages and Literature, Universitas Negeri Makassar
  • Hasnawi Haris Faculty of Social Science, Universities Negeri Makassar
  • Anshari Anshari Faculty of Languages and Literature, Universitas Negeri Makassar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21512/lc.v14i1.6219

Keywords:

integration values, multicultural values, textbook discurse, school student

Abstract

The research was designed to reveal two crucial issues in multicultural education, namely functions and strategies to the integration of multicultural values in textbook discourse. Content analysis was employed to generate systematic and objective findings. Data were collected from textbooks used by the fourth-grade students in Indonesia and published by the Ministry of Education and Culture, Republic of Indonesia. Data collection was performed using the read-and-quote technique. Data analysis consisted of identification, categorization, and interpretation. The results of the analysis reveal that (1) multicultural values represented in textbook discourse function to build students’ positive attitude towards individual, cultural, ethnic, and gender differences to instill an anti-discrimination attitude towards different ethnics, religions, races, and develop students’ pride in sociocultural diversity. (2) Multicultural values are internalized through fiction, story characterization, cultural products, songs, and ethnic philosophies. Sociocultural aspects, social problems, and characteristics of the students are identified as factors that may impact on the functions and strategies to the internalization of the multicultural values.

Author Biographies

Sultan Sultan, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Universitas Negeri Makassar

Department of Indonesian Language, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Universitas Negeri Makassar

Hasnawi Haris, Faculty of Social Science, Universities Negeri Makassar

Department of Civic Education, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Makassar

Anshari Anshari, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Universitas Negeri Makassar

Department of Indonesian Language, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Universitas Negeri Makassar

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Published

2020-07-31