Hegemonic Culture and Subaltern: A Compromised Veil in Indonesian Islamic Popular Novel


  • Rosmah Tami University of Gadjah Mada
  • Faruk Faruk University of Gadjah Mada
  • Ida Rochani Adi University of Gadjah Mada




hegemonic culture, subaltern, negotiation, contestation, Islamic novel


This research was based on the powerful function of the aesthetics in the society. Novel as an art work also functioned as an arena in which ideologies contest and negotiate. The research intended to show a mechanism underlining novel to have a significant hegemonic role. The material object was taken from Islamic popular novel namely “Ketika Mas Gagah Pergi dan Kembali”. The formal object was the negotiation of ideology which focused on the contact between intellectual and subaltern leading to the formation of a new compromised cultural practice. By applying the theory of hegemony in discussing the contestation and negotiation of ideologies in the novel, it is found that the contestation and negotiation between hegemonic and subaltern ideology lead to the occurrence of a compromise between the interest of the intellectual and the subaltern. The interest of the subaltern is based on the nostalgia of the past and fear or uncertain condition of future which lay in the domain of imagination that structures the novel.


Plum Analytics

Author Biographies

Rosmah Tami, University of Gadjah Mada

Department of Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Studies

Faruk Faruk, University of Gadjah Mada

Department of Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Studies

Ida Rochani Adi, University of Gadjah Mada

Department of Literary Studies, Faculty of Cultural Studies


Boelhower, W. Q. (1981). Antonio Gramsci’s Sociology of Literature. Contemporary Literature, 22(4), 574–599.

Fontana, B. (2005). The Democratic Philosopher: Rhetoric

as Hegemony in Gramsci. Italian Culture, 23(1), 97–123.

Gramsci, A. (1971). The Sellection of Prison Notebook. New York: International Publisher.

Gramsci, A. (2012). The Sellections from Cultural Writings. Chicago: Haymarket Books.

Green, M. (2006). Gramsci Cannot Speak: Presentation and

Interpretation of Gramsci’s Concept of Sublaternity. Rethinking Gramsci, 14(3), 1–24.

Hidayatullah, I. (2008). Sastra Populer Islami: Sebuah Negosiasi Budaya. Retrived from http://cabiklunik.blogspot.co.id/2008/03/sastra-ispolit-sebuahnegosiasi-budaya.html

Howson, R., & Smith, K. (2008). Hegemoni and the Operation of Consciousness and Ceorcion. In Consciousness and Coercion, 1–20. New York: Routledge.

Piliang, Y. A. (2011). Kuliah ke 3 Budaya Populer dan Agama. Retrieved February 10, 2010, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z6K0bNl6FbU

Ronidin. (2016). Gerakan Sastra Keagamaan di Indonesia

Sesudah Reformasi 1988. Puitika, 12(1), 79–90.

Rosa, H. T. (2011). Ketika Mas Gagah Pergi dan Kembali.

Jakarta: AsmaNadia Publishing House.

Sakai, M. (2012). Preaching to Muslim youth in Indonesia :

the dakwah activities of Habiburrahman El Shirazy. RIMA: Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs, 46(1), 9-13.

Smith, K. (2008). Hegemony, Subalternity, and Subjectivity

in Early Industrial Sydney. In R. Howson & K. Smith (Eds.), Hegemony Studies in Consensus and Coercion, 107–124. New York: Routledge.

Smith, K. (2010). Gramsci at the margins : subjectivity and

subalternity in a theory of hegemony. International Gramsci Journal, 1(2), 39–50.

Starobinski, J. & Kemp, W. S. (1966). The Idea of Nostalgia.

Diogenes, 14(54), 81–103.

Woolcock, J. A. (1985). Politics, Ideology and Hegemony in

Gramsci’s Theory. Social Economic Studies, 34(3), 199–210.

Zompetti, J. P. (1997). Toward a Gramscian critical rhetoric.

Western Journal of Communication, 61(1), 66–86.



Abstract 741  .
PDF downloaded 487  .