The Moderating Effect of Gamification on Loyalty Program Usage in Indonesian E-Commerce

Authors

  • Arta Moro Sundjaja Bina Nusantara University
  • Giovanka Savina Bina Nusantara University
  • Yuli Bina Nusantara University
  • Thomas Hardianto Bina Nusantara University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21512/bbr.v13i1.6801

Keywords:

gamification, loyalty program, Indonesian e-commerce

Abstract

Previously, existing research has not comprehensively examined the determinant factors of loyalty programs, and there is limited research that analyzes the gamification of loyalty programs in e-commerce. The research investigated the determinant factors of loyalty program usage, focusing on the moderating effect of the gamified loyalty program. The research applied a quantitative method using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) with AMOS. Then, the unit of analysis was the users who played the Lucky Egg. The population size was unknown due to limited access to the e-commerce company, so the sample size was determined using ten times indicators. Around 242 respondents were gathered using convenience sampling. The result confirms that seven hypotheses are accepted, and one hypothesis is rejected. The determinant factors of loyalty program usage are playfulness, affective commitment, and attitude toward loyalty program. The interaction moderation analysis shows that the loyalty program increases loyalty program usage. However, the reward attractiveness does not affect the loyalty program directly and must be mediated by attitude toward the loyalty program. The R2 value of attitude toward loyalty program is 58,3%, and loyalty program usage is 58,5%. The research extends the loyalty program usage model in Indonesian e-commerce, and gamified loyalty program is proven as moderating variable of loyalty program usage.

Dimensions

Plum Analytics

Author Biographies

Arta Moro Sundjaja, Bina Nusantara University

Business Management Program, Management Department, BINUS Business School Master Program

Giovanka Savina, Bina Nusantara University

Information Systems Department, School of Information Systems

Yuli, Bina Nusantara University

Information Systems Department, School of Information Systems

Thomas Hardianto, Bina Nusantara University

Information Systems Department, School of Information Systems

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Published

2022-01-07
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