Syntactic Complexity of Online Opinion Articles Published in South East Asian Countries


  • Muarif Master of Applied Linguistic, Atmajaya University of Indonesia, Jakarta
  • Dwi Indarti English Academy of Bina Sarana Informatika, Jakarta



d-analyzer, online news media, syntactic complexity


The research investigated the syntactic complexity of opinion articles published in online newspapers from ESL (English as a Second Language) and EFL (English as a Foreign Language) countries in South-East Asia (SEA). The aims of this research were, first, to analyze the types of Syntactic Complexity (SC) of opinion articles in online news media. The second was to seek the difference in syntactic complexity in online opinion articles between ESL and EFL countries. The third was to seek whether there was a significant difference in terms of types of syntactic measurements between ESL and EFL countries. To answer the questions, this research employed both quantitative and qualitative methods. Twelve opinion articles from online news media in SEA countries were derived from Malaysia and Singapore, which represented ESL countries, and Indonesia and Thailand, which represented EFL countries. The data were analyzed using an L2 syntactic complexity analyzer. The second Language Syntactic Complexity Analyzer (L2SCA) program displayed fourteen syntactic complexity measures divided into five types of measurements such as the length of production, sentence complexity, subordination, coordination, and particular structures. From comparing overall ESL and EFL countries and each of the opinion articles topics, the research results reveal that opinion articles of ESL countries show a higher score on the length of production, sentence complexity, subordination, and particular structures than EFL countries. Meanwhile, in coordination type, EFL countries display a higher number of a score than ESL ones. This research indicates there is no significant difference between ESL and EFL countries since the p-value of each type of syntactic complexity is higher than 0,05.


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