The Taste of Peranakan Tionghoa in Listening to Indonesian and Chinese Music and Their Relation to Cultural Identity

Sulhizah Wulan Sari, Sukmono Bayu Adhi

Abstract


This research discussed the taste of Peranakans Tionghoa in listening to Indonesian and Chinese music and its relation to cultural identity. The history of the settlements in Chinatown at Glodok, Jakarta, Indonesia, brought ethnic and cultural issues. Then, the assimilation was inadequate that caused the elimination of the original culture and finally form a new culture. This research questioned how the Peranakans Chinese cultural identity was formed and related to the taste of listening to Chinese and Indonesian music using Hall’s perspective of cultural identity. A qualitative method was used to describe, explain, and analyze data. Data in the research consisted of observation and interview of the 30 Peranakans Tionghoa at Glodok, covering the area of mall, café, and restaurant. The collected data were classified into similarities and differences from each aspect. The classification was linked to the three groups who preferred to listen to music and find their cultural identity. The result shows that the taste of Peranakan Tionghoa in listening to Indonesian and Chinese music depends on the elements and the function of music. Those aspects emphasize the language to understand what the song tells about. Further, the music could be an intermediary for cultural unification from both origins of (Chinese and Indonesia) who are fused to the relation of the cultural identity. Related to identity, Peranakans Tionghoa is becoming an identity.


Keywords


taste of listening, peranakan Tionghoa ethnic, listening to music, cultural identity

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdi, F. F., Hafiar, H., & Novianti, E. (2016). Perilaku komunikasi etnis Tionghoa Peranakan dalam bisnis keluarga (Studi fenomenologi mengenai perilaku komunikasi etnis Tionghoa Peranakan dalam bisnis keluarga di Jakarta). Jurnal Komunikasi, 9(2), 105–118. https://doi.org/10.21107/ILKOM.V9I2.1190.

Andriani, R. (2018). Peran H. Junus Jahja dalam proses asimilasi antara etnis Tionghoa dan pribumi di Jawa (1960-2011). Thesis. Retrieved from http://digilib.uinsby.ac.id/23450/1/RiaAndriani_A72214074.pdf.

Bose, S. (2019). Multi-cultural: Straddling continents, straddling identities. A Journal of Critical Social Research, 31(1), 108–131. Retrieved from http://www.alternateroutes.ca/index.php/ar/article/view/22473.

Chanda, S. C. (2019). Interpretation of cultural identity and comparative literature: Special reference to Mikhail Bakhtin and Gayatri Spivak. International Journal of English Language Literature in Humanities, 7(1), 1000-1015. Retrieved from http://ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/issue/view/75.

Chong, W. L. (2016). Rethinking the position of ethnic diversity. 9th International Conference of the International Society for the Study of Chinese Overseas. Vancouver, Canada. pp. 1–34. Retrieved from http://eprints.um.edu.my/16031/1/0001.pdf.

Christian, S. A. (2017). Identitas budaya orang Tionghoa Indonesia. Jurnal Cakrawala Mandarin, 1(1), 11-22. Retrieved from http://www.jurnal-apsmi.org/index.php/CM/article/viewFile/11/7.

Faradi, A. R. (2016). Pengaruh mendengarkan musik terhadap kinerja kognitif pada pelajar kelas XI SMAN 1 Jombang. Thesis. Malang: Universitas Islam Negeri Malang. https://doi.org/10.5151/cidi2017-060

Ferlando, E., & Agustono, R. (2018). Eksistensi etnis Tionghoa dalam bidang sosial dan budaya di Indonesia. Jurnal Swarnadwipa, 2(3), 222–230.

Frith, S. (1996). Music and identity. In Questions of Cultural Identity (pp. 107–150). Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.rg/793d/5c855ba3212b02da9e232b2aef5c344910f7.pdf.

Hall, S. (1989). Cultural identity and cinematic representation. Retrieved from http://academic.uprm.edu/mleonard/theorydocs/readings/SHall.pdf.

Hall, S. (1996). Who needs identity? In Questions of Cultural Identity (pp. 1–17).

Hall, S. (2014). Cultural identity and diaspora in diaspora and visual culture. Retrieved from http://rlwclarke.net/Theory/SourcesPrimary/HallCulturalIdentityandDiaspora.pdf.

Hoon, C. (2017). Between hybridity and identity: Chineseness as a cultural resource in Indonesia. Working Paper No. 32 Institute of Asian Studies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, 32, 1–24. Retrieved from ias.ubd.edu.bn/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/working_paper_series_32.pdf.

Ibrahim, S. M., & Bambang, A. (2015). Hambatan komunikasi antar budaya pada aspek RAS (Analisis kritis pada kasus Indonesia–Tionghoa). Jurnal Magister Ilmu Komunikasi, 1(2), 1–14. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.30813/bricolage.v1i02.1629.

Irawan, Y. N. (2014). Pergeseran bahasa Mandarin dialek Hokkian pada keluarga etnis Cina Benteng di kelurahan Sukasari Tangerang. Bahtera Sastra: Antologi Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, 1, 1–11. Retrieved from http://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/BS_Antologi_Ind/article/view/527/404.

Juditha, C. (2017). Stereotip dan prasangka dalam konflik etnis Tionghoa dan Bugis Makassar. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 12(1), 87–104. https://doi.org/10.24002/jik.v12i1.445.

Khadavi, M. J. (2015). Dekonstruksi musik pop Indonesia dalam perspektif industri budaya. Jurnal Humanity, 9(2), 47–56.

Lidskog, R. (2017). The role of music in ethnic identity formation in diaspora: A research review. Internastional Social Science Journal, 66(219-220) 23–38. https://doi.org/10.1111/issj.12091.

Marzali, A. (2011). Pemetaan sosial-politik kelompok etnik Cina di Indonesia. Masyarakat Indonesia, 37(2), 47–84. https://doi.org/10.14203/JMI.V37I2.630.

Nasrudin, J. (2018). Politik identitas dan identitas kebangsaan (Studi atas penguatan politik identitas etnis Tionghoa di Indonesia pasca orde baru). Al-Karimah: Jurnal Ilmu Trabiah dan Ekonomi Syariah, 5(9).

Nugroho, F. E. (2016). Peranan Oei Tjoe Tat dalam pemerintahan Indonesia. Risalah, 2(6), 1-18.

Puspitasari, R. (2014). Multikulturalisme dalam IPS: Pengenalan relasi sosial etnis Tionghoa dalam integrasi bangsa. Jurnal Edueksos, 3(1), 1–24. doi: 10.24235/edueksos.v3i1.323.

Setijadi, C. (2016). Language as capital: Ethnic Chinese and Mandarin language acquisition in post-Suharto Indonesia. Proceedings of International Conference on Language, Literary and Cultural Studies (ICON LATERALS) 2016 Universitas Brawijaya. Malang, Indonesia. pp 361–366. https://doi.org/10.217716/ub.icon.

Setijadi, C. (2017). Chinese Indonesians in the eyes of the pribumi public. Perspective, 73, 1–12.

Sulistyo, A. (2019). Wisata kawasan pecinan Kota Tua Jakarta: Suatu tinjauan potensi pengembangan. Jurnal Populis, 4(7), 971–990.

Suryani., & Azmy, A. S. (2016). Politik identitas dan nasionalisme kebangsaan (Studi atas penguatan politik identitas etnis Tionghoa di Indonesia pasca orde baru). Research Report. Jakarta: Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidaytullah.

Syafruan, A. (2004). Hubungan antara selera musik dan identitas sosia. Thesis. Depok: Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia.

Tjiook, W. (2017). Pecinan as an Inspiration. Wacana, 18(2), 556–580. https://doi.org/10.17510/wacana.v18i2.596.Downloaded.

Van Puyvelde, M., & Franco, F. (2015). The interaction of music and language in the ontogenesis of human communication: A multimodal parent-infant co-regulation system. London: Middlesex University. Retrieved from https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/16676/1/VanPuyvelde%26Franco_ICMEM2015.pdf.

Walujono, A. (2014). The discrimination of the ethnic Chinese in Indonesia and perceptions of nationality. Thesis. Retrieved from https://scholarship.claremont.edu/scripps_theses/508/.

Whitener, J. L., & Shu, F. (2018). Sharing global musics: An introduction to the music of China. Music Educators Journal, 105(2), 18–27. https://doi.org/10.1177/0027432118811587.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21512/lc.v13i4.5859

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Lingua Cultura Statistic

Public Visitor Statistics:Lingua Cultura stats 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.