A Review of the Role of Intangible Axis toward the Pathok Negoro’s Design Concept, Yogyakarta

Authors

  • Silvia Meliana Bina Nusantara University
  • Octaviana Sylvia Caroline Bina Nusantara University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21512/humaniora.v11i3.6540

Keywords:

intangible axis, Yogyakarta cosmology, pathok negoro mosques, mosque design concept, sustainable concept

Abstract

The research aimed to review the role of the ‘mystical’ imaginary axis in Javanese cosmology in the Yogyakarta that might affect the inner spaces of the Pathok Negoro mosques (Ploso Kuning, Babadan, Dongkelan, and Mlangi). The research question was how Yogyakarta’s imaginary axis affected the inner spaces of these four Pathok Negoro. Yogyakarta was known to have a unique Javanese cosmology, cultural, and social life character compared to several cities on the island of Java. Yogyakarta kept a harmonious power between human life and the universe and still hold strong Javanese animism and was still tightly coupled with the city’s modern life. Human harmony with the universe was seen in the axis of a city that consisted of two main axes in the direction of the compass, namely north to south and east to west. The research applied a qualitative method by doing a literature study and observation. The research shows that the imaginary axis plays an essential role in Yogyakarta’s urban design and creates a sustainable concept of the four Pathok Negoro. However, it is not directly involved in the order of the inner space of the architecture design of each mosque.

Author Biographies

Silvia Meliana, Bina Nusantara University

Department of Interior Design, School of Design

Octaviana Sylvia Caroline, Bina Nusantara University

Department of Interior Design, School of Design

References

Abdullah, T. A., & Khan, S. (2011). Symbolism in Islamic architecture. In P. S. M. Akhtar (Ed.), Islamic Architecture at the Cross Roads. Delhi: Welworth Book International.

Abror, I. (2016). Aktualisasi nilai-nilai budaya masjid Pathok Negoro. Esensia: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin, 17(1), 63-79. https://doi.org/10.14421/esensia.v17i1.1279.

Adi, S. M., & Puspitasari, C. (2016). Mosque as model of learning principles of sustainable architecture. Journal of Islamic Architecture, 4(1), 33-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.18860/jia.v4i1.3090.

Ardalan, N. (1980). The visual language of symbolic form: A preliminary study of mosque architecture. In J. G. Katz (ed.), Architecture as Symbol and Self-Identity (pp. 18-36). Philadelphia: Aga Khan Award for Architecture.

Azizah, U. (2017). Masjid Pathok Negoro Mlangi: Respon masyarakat Mlangi terhadap renovasi masjid pada tahun 2012. Juspi: Jurnal Sejarah Peradaban Islam, 1(2), 212-222. http://dx.doi.org/10.30829/j.v1i2.934.

Balai Pelestarian Cagar Budaya DIY. (2017). Sumbu filosofi kota Yogyakarta. Retrieved on October 5th, 2019 from https://kebudayaan.kemdikbud.go.id/bpcbyogyakarta/sumbu-filosofis-kota-yogyakarta/.

Cahyandari, G. O. I. (2012). Tata ruang dan elemen arsitektur pada rumah Jawa di Yogyakarta sebagai wujud kategori pola aktivitas dalam rumah tangga. Jurnal Arsitektur Komposisi, 10(2), 103-118. https://doi.org/10.24002/jars.v10i2.1064.

Humas Sleman. (2018). Masjid Pathok Negoro Sleman. Retrieved on June 29th, 2020 from www.youtube.com/watch?v=s0lbUyv7MiU.

Karaton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat. (2016). Masjid Pathok Negara sebagai pilar kesultanan Yogyakarta. Retrieved on October 5th, 2019 from https://www.kratonjogja.id/tata-rakiting-wewangunan/3/masjid-pathok-negara-sebagai-pilar-kasultanan-yogyakarta.

Karsono, B., & Wahid, J. (2008). Imaginary axis as a basic morphology in the city of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. In International Conference on Built Environment in Developing Countries. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. pp. 187-195.

Othman, R., & Zainal-Abidin, Z. J. (2011). The importance of Islamic art in mosque interior. Procedia Engineering, 20, 105-109. http://doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.144.

Setyawati, E. (2016). Keragaman struktur bangunan masjid Islam Jawa (Studi kasus: Bangunan masjid Gedhe Keraton Yogyakarta). In Seminar Sustainable Architecture And Urbanism, Diponegoro University. Semarang, Indonesia. pp. 31-46.

Setyowati, E., Hardiman, G., & Murtini, T. W. (2018). Pathok Negoro mosque as the form of territorial defense region of Mataram Kingdom of Islam in Jogjakarta. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 106, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/106/1/012074.

Suparwoko., Raharjo, W., & Mutaqi, A. S. (2017). The influence of Pathok Negoro mosques on the city wide dimension of cultural speciality for the future planning and design of Yogyakarta. In Seoul World Architects Congress. Seoul, South Korea. pp. 1-6.

Suryanto., Djunaedi, A., Sudaryono. (2015). Aspek budaya dalam keistimewaan tata ruang kota Yogyakarta. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, 26(3), 230-252. http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fjpwk.2015.26.3.6.

Syamsiyah, N. R., & Muslim, A. (2018). Kajian perbandingan gaya arsitektur dan pola ruang masjid Agung Surakarta dan masjid Gedhe Kauman Yogyakarta. Sinektika Jurnal Arsitektur, 15(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.23917/sinektika.v15i1.8989.

Widyawati, L. (2017). Semiotik ruang publik kota lama alun-alun selatan Kraton Yogyakarta. Nalars: Jurnal Arsitektur, 16(1), 15-26. https://doi.org/10.24853/nalars.16.1.15-26.

Downloads

Published

2020-11-30

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract 236  .
PDF downloaded 146  .