‘FAKE NEWS’ IN ASEAN: LEGISLATIVE RESPONSES

Authors

  • Robert Brian Smith University of New England
  • Mark Perry University of New England
  • Nucharee Nuchkoom Smith Walailak University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21512/jas.v9i2.7506

Keywords:

ASEAN, defamation, fake news, legislation, Facebook, hate speech, hoax news, misinformation, social media

Abstract

The research is a legal review based on the documentary research concept by comparing the development of legislative responses to fake news spread in Southeast Asia. Anti-fake news legislation focuses on the transmission of information by electronic means than print media. The analysis is carried out for each of the member states by including a clause-by-clause examination of the legislation and subsequent cases addressing legal issues associated with the laws. Several common factors should be addressed to provide a fairer and more transparent approach, including developing a clear-cut definition of fake news. Two key elements should be met in the definition of spreading of fake news: it should be the intentional spreading of misinformation or disinformation by design. The research suggests it would be better to develop anti-fake news legislation as either a standalone statute or a specific amendment to existing legislation than include fake news in omnibus legislation. Except in the most serious cases, creating, publishing, or distributing fake news illegality should be reduced from a criminal offence to an administrative offence, where the police issue a fine. Given the documented publishing and spreading of disinformation by state actors, their servants and agents, there should be an explicit “fake news” offence associated with the action of such persons.

Dimensions

Plum Analytics

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Published

2021-12-07
Abstract 304  .
PDF downloaded 170  .