The Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic to The Welfare of Indonesian Musicians
A Descriptive Study
Keywords:Indonesian musicians, welfare, COVID-19 pandemic
Since the outbreak in March 2020, the Indonesian government has implemented large-scale social restrictions in major cities, aiming to minimize the spread of the disease. Restrictions included the temporary termination of onsite events (concerts and festivals) and a shift from offline to online education, including music classes. These sudden changes have affected the welfare of Indonesian musicians in general. With little references provided about Indonesian musicians’ welfare, we intended to present valid data to comprehend better the phenomena that would expectantly lead to appropriate and targeted support. From September to October 2020, we conducted an online survey to musicians across Indonesia to identify the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on their overall welfare. 581 respondents from all provinces of Indonesia participated in this survey. The respondents included 54% full-time musicians and 46% part-time musicians. We divided the identified impacts into two categories: direct and indirect impacts, encompassing various aspects, including changes in mental health, working platforms, and financial issues. Our survey indicated that 71.6% of respondents reported having experienced changes in their daily life patterns. Online working methods increased from 8.3% to 72.5%, whereas offline methods decreased from 92.4% to 17.6%. Aside from those changes, respondents with income below 1 million rupiahs increased sharply from 9% (before the pandemic) to 47% (after the pandemic). Utilizing Chi-square independence tests on SPSS v. 26, this descriptive study found a significant association between working status (full-time or part-time musicians) and their responses towards the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic upon their lives.
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