Negotiating Islamic Hegemony: A Case Study of Muslim LGBT in East Java, Indonesia


  • Agung Wijianto Faculty of Culture Studies, Airlangga University
  • Farah Kholida Wahid Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University


Muslim, LGBT, Islamic hegemony, Ideological State Apparatuses, negotiate, East Java


In Indonesia, being a Muslim and LGBT is viewed as irreconcilable by the general public. Despite that, some people identify as both Muslim and LGBT. This poses a tension that needs to be addressed. This article sets out to investigate how Islamic hegemonic processes disseminate themselves in the society. This article also tries to examine how LGBT individuals negotiate the tension and navigate their behaviors being Muslim and LGBT. The researchers distributed online forms across several social media to find willing participants. The online forms yielded seven different responses from people who identify as Muslims and LGBT, three of whom were willing to participate in follow up interviews. The willing participants then were personally interviewed in informal settings using Zoom video calls due to COVID-19 pandemic.  The interviews were semi-structured and they were carried out over the course of four weeks. This article draws on concepts such as cultural hegemony and ideological state apparatuses as conceptual frameworks to guide the research and the interviews. The findings suggest that family and education are the two most influential hegemonic instruments in instilling the Islamic hegemonic values to the participants. The article also finds that the respondents performed unique distinct negotiation strategies in accordance to their personal beliefs and values on social and spiritual levels.



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Abstract 105  .