King Sejong the Great 세종대왕 (1397-1450): His Contribution in the Field of the Hangeul Alphabet and Law

Authors

  • Sufandi Iswanto Universitas Syiah Kuala (USK)
  • Teuku Kusnafizal Syiah Kuala University (USK)
  • Muhammad Haikal Universitas Syiah Kuala
  • Abdul Azis Universitas Syiah Kuala
  • T. Bahagia Kesuma Universitas Syiah Kuala

Keywords:

Sejong the Great, Joseon Dynasty, Hangeul, Law, Korea

Abstract

This study aims to describe the life history of King Sejong the Great and his contribution to the field of alphabet and law, especially law for convict, marriage, and heir. The method used in this research is the historical method. The results showed that Sejong was born on May 15, 1397 in Hanseong. His birth name was Yi Do and Sejong also has the nickname Won Chong. Sejong was the third son of King Taejong and grandson of King Taejo. Since childhood, he was very diligent in reading and was known as an intelligent child. At the age of 12, he was appointed as the Prince of Chungnyeong. At the age of 14, he married Shim On and at the age of 16 he obtained the title of Dae Wang. At the age of 21, he was trusted to become the crown prince and ascended the throne to become king. During his leadership, Korea was in a golden age because of his policies. His greatest contribution was the hangeul alphabet which gradually replaced idu and hanja. In addition, in the field of law or policy regarding prisoner sentence, the law must be fair and adjusted to the age limit, and the community must understand the law. Marriage law where women can only marry when they are 14 years old. The last is the law of heir which divides fairly and is no longer patriarchal. All of these policies are related to moral ethics, virtue, truth, and wisdom based on Confucianism.

Dimensions

Author Biography

Sufandi Iswanto, Universitas Syiah Kuala (USK)

Jurusan Pendidikan Sejarah merupakan salah satu jurusan yang ada di Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (FKIP) Universitas Syiah Kuala (USK). Jurusan Pendidikan Sejarah sendiri pada saat ini mendapatkan akreditasi B oleh BAN-PT. 

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Published

2022-05-19
Abstract 164  .