King Sejong the Great 세종대왕 (1397-1450): His Contribution in the Field of the Hangeul Alphabet and Law
Keywords:Sejong the Great, Joseon dynasty, hangeul, law, Korea
The research aimed to describe the life history of King Sejong the Great and his contribution to the field of alphabet and law, especially law for convict, marriage, and heir. The method applied in the research was the historical method. The results show that Korea is in a golden age because of his policies during his leadership. His most outstanding contribution is the hangeul alphabet which gradually replaced idu and hanja. In addition, in the field of law or policy regarding prisoner sentences, the law must be fair and adjusted to the age limit, and the community must understand the law. Marriage law where women can only marry when they are 14 years old. The last is the law of heirs, which divides fairly and is no longer patriarchal. These policies are related to moral ethics, virtue, truth, and wisdom based on Confucianism.
Ahn, I. H. (2012). Cultural archetype contents for the traditional wedding. International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology, 2(1), 37-49. https://doi.org/10.5865/IJKCT.2012.2.1.037.
Bae, J. S., & Kim, Y.-S. (2020). History lessons from the late Joseon Dynasty period of Korea: Human technology (ondol), its impacts on forests and people, and the role of the government. Forests, 11(1314), 1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/f11121314.
Baek, W. (2017). A study on the tales related to the creation of “Humninjeongeum” of Sinmi and the way of their culture-convergence contents. Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, 8(2), 127-135. https://doi.org/10.15207/JKCS.2017.8.2.127.
Bongkyoo, L. (2020). The learning of principle and the governing by culture in Joseon. The Review of Korean Studies, 23(2), 11-37. https://doi.org/10.25024/review.2020.23.2.002.
Cho, H., Kim, S.-W., Chun, Y., Park, H.-Y., & Kang, W.-J. (2015). A historical review on the introduction of chugugi and the rainfall observation network during the Joseon dynasty. Atmosphere: Korean Meteorological Society, 25(4), 719-734. http://dx.doi.org/10.14191/Atmos.2015.25.4.719.
Daehoe, A. (2020). The relationship between neo-confucianism and korean literature. The Review of Korean Studies, 23(2), 39-62. http://doi.org/10.25024/review.2020.23.2.003.
E-don, C., & Kane, D. (2019). A history of Korea: The founding of Joseon and the formulation of its state system. South Korea: The Academy of Korean Studies.
Hannah, K. (2019). Art beyond morality and metaphysics: Late Joseon Korean aesthetics. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 77(4), 489-498. https://doi.org/10.1111/jaac.12682.
Hyun-Mo, P. (2014). Studi tentang konsep hukum Raja Sejong dan penghakiman penjara. Riset Politik Korea, 23(1), 1-24.
Iswanto, S., Nurasiah, N., & Kesuma, T. B. (2021). Dutch colonial infrastructure development in Takengon, 1904-1942. Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha, 6(1), 15-25. https://doi.org/10.14710/jscl.v6i1.29880.
Iswanto, S., Zulfan, Z., & Suryana, N. (2020). Gayo highland Takengon from 1904 to 1942: A historical analysis of coffee plantations at the era of Dutch colonialism. Paramita: Historical Studies Journal, 30(1), 69-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.15294/paramita.v30i1.21637.
Jae-Woong, K. (2018). King Sejong the Great: The everlasting light of Korea. Seoul: Korean Spirit and Culture Promotion Project.
Jae, J. D. (2019). A history of Korea: The foundation and development of the Three Kingdoms. Korea: The Academy of Korean Studies.
Juhari, K. N., Kasran, F. A. M., & Jusoh, M. H. (2017). Investigation of underground resistivity measurement at King Sejong station, antartic. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, 9(5s), 498-513. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jfas.v9i5s.35.
Kang, S.-H. (2014). Reorienting reorient: East Asia and 15th-19th century Joseon. Asian Review of World Histories, 2(2), 197-216. http://dx.doi.org/10.12773/arwh.2014.2.2.197.
Kim, D. W. (2020). A transnational grassroots movement: Jinja shintō and Japanese religions in the pre-colonial Joseon society. The Review of Korean Studies, 23(1), 211-236. http://doi.org/10.25024/review.2020.23.1.010.
Kim, S. (2021). Hunminjungum Keypa. Journal of Internet Computing and Services(JICS), 22(4), 29-49. https://doi.org/10.7472/jksii.2021.22.4.29.
Kim, S. S., Park, J. W., Seo, B. (2019). Health policies under Sejong: The king who searched for the way of medicine. The Review of Korean Studies, 22(1), 135-172.
Kusnafizal, T., Azis, A., & Iswanto, S. (2020). Tabib family’s role on fracture treatment in Aceh, 1950-2020: A historical reconstruction. Indonesian Historical Studies, 4(2), 186-195. https://doi.org/10.14710/ihis.v4i2.9497.
Kwon, J.-E., & Shin, J. (2020). Chapter 47 of the Samguk sagi: An annotated translation of biographies of Haeron and others. The Review of Korean Studies Materials on Korean Studies, 23(1), 337-376.
Lew, Y. I., & Gregg, D. P. (2020). Brief history of Korea: A bird’s eye view. New York: The Korea Society.
Lim, S.-B., Lee, D.-S., & Sin, E.-J. (2018). Input method for foreign language based on the Hunminjeongeum Korean input keyboard. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 110, 77-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/ijast.2018.110.08.
Łukaczyński, J. (2016). Korean legal thought under Yi dynasty as a reflectioan of Confucian worldview adopted in early Joseon period: Chinese influence, Korean ideology. Gdańskie Studia Azji Wschodniej, 9(9), 139-151.
Mulyaman, D., Virgianita, A., & Candra, D. S. (2021). The perception of Cia-Cia tribe students in Southeast Sulawesi toward South Korea: The case of education aid for Cia-Cia language preservation. Jurnal Global & Strategis, 15(1), 187-217. https://doi.org/10.20473/jgs.15.1.2021.187-217.
Mushaev, V. N., Mukabenova, Z. A., & Karmanov, A. A. (2019). Korean hangul and Mongolian square script. Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, 4, 97-106. http://dx.doi.org/10.22250/2410-7190_2019_5_4_97_106.
Myounghee, J. (2020). Exhibition and research on Korean Buddhist painting. The Review of Korean Studies, 23(1), 257-278. http://doi.org/10.25024/review.2020.23.1.013.
Pae, H. K. (2020). Script effects as the hidden drive of the mind, cognition, and culture. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
Park, H. (2018a). The historical research of the Seonjamdan altar in Seoul and the aspects of its conservation. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 17(2), 269-276. https://doi.org/10.3130/jaabe.17.269.
Park, S. J. (2018b). Originality from cultural boundary: Assimilation and reconstruction of music education in Korea. Journal of Confucian Philosophy and Culture, 30, 105-127. http://doi.org/10.22916/jcpc.2018..30.105.
Park, S. K., Lee, E. J., & Park, J. W. (2016). Visual history with Choson dynasty annals. Leonardo, 49(4), 334-341. https://doi.org/10.1145/2897843.2915185.
Pastreich, E. Y. (2015). The transmission and translation of Chinese vernacular narrative in Chosŏn Korea: Han’gŭl translations and gentry women’s literature. Korean Studies, 39, 75-105. https://doi.org/10.1353/ks.2015.0002.
Sancho, I. (2020). What Master Hwadam loved to learn: The Hwadam Jip and Seo Gyeongdeok’s place in the intellectual history of Joseon. The Review of Korean Studies, 23(1), 55-88. http://doi.org/10.25024/review.2020.23.1.004.
Seo, M., Oh, C. S., Hong, J. H., Chai, J.-Y., Cha, S. C., Bang, Y., Cha, I. G… Shin, D. H. (2017). Estimation of parasite infection prevalence of Joseon people by paleoparasitological data updates from the ancient feces of pre-modern Korean mummies. Anthropological Science, 125(1), 9-14. https://doi.org/10.1537/ase.160920.
Shin, D. (2017). Measures against epidemics during late 18th century Korea: Reformation or restoration? Extrême-Orient, Extrême-Occident, 37, 91-110. https://doi.org/10.4000/extremeorient.333.
Shin, D. H., Lee, H. J., Hong, J. H., Woo, E. J., Shin, E., Kim, Y.-S., Ki, H. C., & Lee, E. (2018). A historical approach to syphilis infection in Korea. Acta Med Hist Adria, 16(2), 185-202. https://doi.org/10.31952/amha.16.2.1.
Sihite, R. D., & Mahastama, A. W. (2018). Rule-based syllabification of Korean words written in lation using deterministic finite automata models. Jurnal Terapan Teknologi Informasi, 2(1), 75-85. http://dx.doi.org/10.21460/jutei.2018.21.77.
Sim, K. (2019). The fundamental studies concerning classical Chinese literature and the associated compilation of texts with collected commentaries during the reign of Sejong. The Review of Korean Studies, 22(1), 13-70. http://doi.org/10.25024/review.2019.22.1.002.
Verdonschot, R. G., Han, J.-I., & Kinoshita, S. (2021). The proximate unit in Korean speech production: Phoneme or syllable? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 74(1), 187-198. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747021820950239.
Yan, J., & Kiaer, J. (2020). By the translators’ discretion: A study of Xíngshì yán into hangeul. The Review of Korean Studies, 23(1), 139-160. http://doi.org/10.25024/review.2020.23.1.007.
Yoo, W. S., Kim, J. G., & Ahn, E.-J. (2021). An experimental reproduction study on characteristics of woodblock printing on traditional Korean paper (Hanji). Journal of Conservation Science, 37(5), 590-605. https://doi.org/10.12654/JCS.2021.37.5.16.
Copyright (c) 2022 Sufandi Iswanto, Muhammad Haikal, Abdul Azis, T. Bahagia Kesuma, Kwon Nae-Hyun
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License - Share Alike that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
c. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options, currently being defined for this journal as follows: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike (CC BY-SA)