Social Problem-Solving in Freshmen: The Role of Emotional Stability, Secure Attachment, Communication Skill, and Self-Esteem

Authors

  • Dona Eka Putri Gunadarma University
  • Wahyu Rahardjo Gunadarma University
  • Nurul Qomariyah Gunadarma University
  • Quroyzhin Kartika Rini Gunadarma University
  • Kenes Pranandari Gunadarma University

Keywords:

communication skill; emotional stability; secure attachment; self-esteem; social problem-solving

Abstract

Freshmen during the pandemic faced some complex problems during their transition, including adjustments to the online lecture system and independent learning, task demands, and limited social interaction with lecturers and classmates. This condition requires the ability to solve problems effectively and efficiently. The purpose of this study was to determine how emotional stability, secure attachment, communication skills, and self-esteem influence social problem-solving. Participants in this study were 702 first-year students from university X who are active and domiciled in the Jakarta Greater Area and several other cities. The measuring instruments used are the Social Problem-Solving Inventory-Revised Short-Form, the Self-Esteem Scale, the Interpersonal Communication Scale, the Indonesian version of the Big Five Inventory for neuroticism, and the Secure Attachment Scale. The data was collected through an online questionnaire. The data analysis technique used hierarchical regression. The results show that emotional stability in the form on low neuroticism has a strong effect on social problem-solving, and this effect is stronger when the secure attachment variables and communication skills are taken into the analysis. When self-esteem is included as the last variable, secure attachment no longer affects social problem solving. However, the total influence is simultaneously getting stronger.

References

Adams, N., Little, T. D., & Ryan, R. M. (2017). Self-determination theory. In K. A. Wehmeyer, T. D. L. Shogren, & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Development of Self-Determination Through the Life-Course (pp. 1–303). Springer Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1042-6

Ahmad, N., Jahan, A., & Imtiaz, N. (2016). Measure of Attachment Style. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, Volume 3, Issue 4, No. 60, 3(4), 48.

Albay, E. M. (2019). Analyzing the effects of the problem solving approach to the performance and attitude of first year university students. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 1(1), 100006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssaho.2019.100006

Arslan, C. (2016). Interpersonal problem solving, self-compassion and personality traits in university students. Educational Research and Reviews, 11(7), 474–481. https://doi.org/10.5897/err2015.2605

Arslan, E. (2010). Analysis of communication skill and interpersonal problem solving in preschool trainees. Social Behavior and Personality, 38(4), 523–530. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2010.38.4.523

Arslan, E., Arslan, C., & Ari, R. (2012). An investigation of interpersonal problem solving approaches with respect to attachment styles. Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, 12(1), 15–23.

Aucejo, E. M., French, J., Ugalde Araya, M. P., & Zafar, B. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on student experiences and expectations: Evidence from a survey. Journal of Public Economics, 191, 104271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2020.104271

Bandura, A., Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., Regalia, C., & Scabini, E. (2011). Impact of family efficacy beliefs on quality of family functioning and satisfaction with family life. Applied Psychology, 60(3), 421–448. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2010.00442.x

Bilgic, D., Daglar, G., & Aksoy, O. D. (2016). Effects of Midwifery Education on Professional Self-Esteem and Problem Solving Skills. 5(6), 68–75. https://doi.org/10.9790/1959-0506026875

Cam, S., & Alkal, A. (2020). An Investigation of Interpersonal Problem Solving in University Students in Terms of Personality Traits, Resilience and Hop. The European Journal of Educational Sciences, 07(01), 15–30. https://doi.org/10.19044/ejes.v7no1a2

Carlgren, T. (2013). Communication, Critical Thinking, Problem Solving: A Suggested Course for All High School Students in the 21st Century. Interchange, 44(1–2), 63–81. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10780-013-9197-8

Chen, W., Zhang, D., Pan, Y., Hu, T., Liu, G., & Luo, S. (2017). Perceived social support and self-esteem as mediators of the relationship between parental attachment and life satisfaction among Chinese adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 108, 98–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.12.009

Chow, B. W. Y., Chiu, M. M., & Wong, S. W. L. (2011). Emotional Intelligence, Social Problem-Solving Skills, and Psychological Distress: A Study of Chinese Undergraduate Students. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41(8), 1958–1980. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00787.x

Clarke, J. B., Ford, M., Heary, S., Rodgers, J., & Freeston, M. H. (2017). The Relationship between Negative Problem Orientation and Worry: A Meta-Analytic Review. Psychopathology Review, a4(3), 319–340. https://doi.org/10.5127/pr.034313

Cong, C. W., Ling, W. S., & Aun, T. S. (2019). Problem-focused coping and depression among adolescents: Mediating effect of self-esteem. Current Psychology, 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00522-4

D’Zurilla, T. J., & Chang, E. C. (1995). The relations between social problem solving and coping. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 19(5), 547–562. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02230513

D’Zurilla, T. J., Chang, E. C., & Sanna, L. J. (2003). Self-esteem and social problem solving as predictors of aggression in college students. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 22(4), 424–440. https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.22.4.424.22897

D’Zurilla, T. J., Maydeu-Olivares, A., & Gallardo-Pujol, D. (2011). Predicting social problem solving using personality traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(2), 142–147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2010.09.015

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2012). Self-determination theory. In P. A. M. van Lange, A. W. Kruglanski, & E. T. Higgins (Eds.), Handbook of theories of social psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 416–437). Sage Publications, Inc.

Egeci, I. S., & Gencoz, T. (2011). The effects of attachment styles, problem-solving skills, and communication skills on relationship satisfaction. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 2324–2329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.453

Erozkan, A. (2013). The effect of communication skills and interpersonal problem solving skills on social self-efficacy. Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, 13(2), 739–745.

Ertekin, Z., & Berument, S. K. (2019). Self-concept development of children in institutional care, alternative care types and biological family homes: Testing differential susceptibility. Applied Developmental Science, 0(0), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888691.2019.1617146

Griffiths, L. J., Parsons, T. J., & Hill, A. J. (2010). Self-esteem and quality of life in obese children and adolescents: A systematic review. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 5(4), 282–304. https://doi.org/10.3109/17477160903473697

Hall, J. C. (2015). Mother-Daughter Relationships, Self-Esteem, and Problem Solving: Do Socialization Practices Matter? Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 25(2), 137–146. https://doi.org/10.1080/10911359.2014.956960

Hall, J. C., Crutchfield, J., & Jones, A. E. (2018). Self-Esteem, Problem Solving, and Family Coping Responses: Determinants and Consequences for Black Women. Health and Social Work, 44(1), 39–47. https://doi.org/10.1093/hsw/hly034

Henschel, S., Nandrino, J. L., & Doba, K. (2020). Emotion regulation and empathic abilities in young adults: The role of attachment styles. Personality and Individual Differences, 156(December 2019), 109763. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.109763

Ibrahim, S. A. E. A. (2011). Factors affecting assertiveness among student nurses. Nurse Education Today, 31(4), 356–360. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2010.07.006

Jang, M.-Y., & Kang, G.-Y. (2017). Convergent Relationships among Appearance Satisfaction, Self-Esteem, and Problem-Solving Ability of Adolescent. Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, 8(4), 79–87. https://doi.org/10.15207/jkcs.2017.8.4.079

Kalokerinos, E. K., Murphy, S. C., Koval, P., Bailen, N. H., Crombez, G., Hollenstein, T., Gleeson, J., Thompson, R. J., van Ryckeghem, D. M. L., Kuppens, P., & Bastian, B. (2020). Neuroticism may not reflect emotional variability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(17), 9270–9276. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1919934117

Khanh, N. C. (2019). Development of the teacher rating scale of interpersonal problem solving in adolescents. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00427-2

Koruklu, N. (2015). Personality and social problem-solving: The mediating role of self-esteem. Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, 15(2), 481–487. https://doi.org/10.12738/estp.2015.2.2601

Krasilnikov, A., & Smirnova, A. (2017). Online social adaptation of first-year students and their academic performance. Computers and Education, 113, 327–338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2017.05.012

Kumaraswamy, N. (2013). Depression, anxiety, and academic stress among college students: A brief review. International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5(1), 135–143.

Lau, Y. (2014). Factors affecting the social problem-solving ability of baccalaureate nursing students. Nurse Education Today, 34(1), 121–126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2012.10.010

Lau, Y., Fang, L., Cheng, L. J., & Kwong, H. K. D. (2019). Volunteer motivation, social problem solving,self-efficacy, and mental health: a structural equation model approach. Educational Psychology, 39(1), 112–132. https://doi.org/10.1080/01443410.2018.1514102

Lovimi, S., Nazarzadeh, F., Moini, F., Aminyazdi, A., & Rostaee, M. (2018). The relation of attachment styles and problem solving skills to resiliency in treatment-seeking substance dependents. Journal of Research and Health, 8(3), 210–217. https://doi.org/10.29252/jrh.8.3.210

Marcotte, D., Diallo, T. M. O., & Paré, M. L. (2018). Adjustment to college and prediction of depression during post-secondary transition. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 33(4), 727–748. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10212-017-0346-9

McKay, M., & Fanning, P. (2016). Self Esteem (Fourth edi). New Harbinger Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/44/8/085201

McMurran, M., Egan, V., Blair, M., & Richardson, C. (2001). The relationship between social problem-solving and personality in mentally disordered offenders. Personality and Individual Differences, 30(3), 517–524. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00050-7

Minarsi, M., Nirwana, H., & Syukur, Y. (2017). Kontribusi Motivasi Menyelesaikan Masalah dan Komunikasi Interpersonal terhadap Strategi Pemecahan Masalah Siswa Sekolah Menengah. JPPI (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Indonesia), 3(2), 1. https://doi.org/10.29210/02017113

Monti, J. D., Rudolph, K. D., & Abaied, J. L. (2014). Contributions of maternal emotional functioning to socialization of coping. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 31(2), 247–269. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407513492304

Myszkowski, N., Storme, M., Davila, A., & Lubart, T. (2015). Managerial creative problem solving and the Big Five personality traits. Journal of Management Development, 34(6), 674–684. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMD-12-2013-0160

Nezu, A. M., Nezu, C. M., & D’Zurilla, T. J. (2013). Problem-solving therapy : a treatment manual. Springer Publishing.

Nielsen, S. K. (2017). Posture and Social Problem Solving, Self-Esteem, and Optimism. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 9(4), 44. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijps.v9n4p44

Oldmeadow, J. A., Quinn, S., & Kowert, R. (2013). Attachment style, social skills, and Facebook use amongst adults. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(3), 1142–1149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.10.006

Park, H., & Antonioni, D. (2007). Personality, reciprocity, and strength of conflict resolution strategy. Journal of Research in Personality, 41(1), 110–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2006.03.003

Parrigon, K. S., Kerns, K. A., Abtahi, M. M., & Koehn, A. (2015). Attachment and emotion in middle childhood and adolescence. Psihologijske Teme, 24(1), 27–50.

Puggina, A. C., & Da Silva, M. J. P. (2014). Interpersonal Communication Competence Scale: Brazilian translation, validation and cultural adaptation. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem, 27(2), 108–114. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-0194201400020

Putra, I. G. N. E., Karin, P. A. E. S., & Ariastuti, N. L. P. (2019). Suicidal ideation and suicide attempt among Indonesian adolescent students. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2019-0035

Ramdhani, N. (2012). Adaptasi Bahasa dan Budaya Inventori Big Five. Jurnal Psikologi, 39(2), 189–207. https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0143400497900916

Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton University Press.

Samadi, M., & Sohrabi, N. (2016). Mediating Role of the Social Problem Solving for Family Process, Family Content, and Adjustment. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 217, 1185–1188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.02.141

Segrin, C., & Flora, J. (2005). Family communication. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/44/8/085201

Sheldon, K. M. (2012). The self-determination theory perspective on positive mental health across cultures. World Psychiatry, 11(2), 101–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wpsyc.2012.05.017

Shogren, K. A., & Wehmeyer, M. L. (2017). Problem solving. In M. L. Wehmeyer, K. A. Shogren, T. D. Little, & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Development of self-determination through the life-course (pp. 451–460). Springer Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1042-6

Sorsdahl, K., Stein, D. J., & Myers, B. (2015). Psychometric properties of the Social Problem Solving Inventory-Revised Short-Form in a South African population. International Journal of Psychology, 52(2), 154–162. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12192

Srivastava, P., & Kiran, M. (2015). The Relationship between Perceived Stress, Self Esteem, Way of Coping and Problem Solving Ability among School Going Adolescents. Journal of Psychosocial Research, 10(2), 199.

Tarasova, S. I., Dukhina, T. N., Limonova, O. O., Kolesnikova, T. V., & Makhova, I. N. (2017). Socio-psychological adaptation of first- Year university students. Espacios, 38(56).

Thoma, P., Friedmann, C., & Suchan, B. (2013). Empathy and social problem solving in alcohol dependence, mood disorders and selected personality disorders. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 37(3), 448–470. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2013.01.024

Trunzo, J. J., Samter, W., Morse, C., McClure, K., Kohn, C., Volkman, J. E., & O’Brien, K. (2014). College Students’ Use of Energy Drinks, Social Problem-Solving, and Academic Performance. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 46(5), 396–401. https://doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2014.965291

Villatte, A., Marcotte, D., & Potvin, A. (2017). Correlates of Depression in First-Year College Students. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 47(1), 114–136.

Walker, K. L., Chang, E. C., & Hirsch, J. K. (2017). Neuroticism and Suicidal Behavior: Conditional Indirect Effects of Social Problem Solving and Hopelessness. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 15(1), 80–89. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-016-9648-4

Walker, O. L., & Henderson, H. A. (2012). Temperament and Social Problem Solving Competence in Preschool: Influences on Academic Skills in Early Elementary School. Social Development, 21(4), 761–779. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2011.00653.x

Widiger, T. A., & Oltmanns, J. R. (2017). Neuroticism is a fundamental domain of personality with enormous public health implications. World Psychiatry, 16(2), 144–145. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20411

Yulikhah, S., Bukhori, B., & Murtadho, A. (2019). Self concept, self efficacy, and interpersonal communication effectiveness of student. Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi, 4(1), 65. https://doi.org/10.21580/pjpp.v4i1.3196

Published

2021-05-03
Abstract 217  .