The Validity and Reliability of Subjective Well-Being Instruments in Early Adolescents
Keywords:validity, reliability, subjective well-being, early adolescents
This research aimed to produce empirical evidence about the validity and reliability of subjective well-being instruments by modifying the instruments. This research’s subjects were 394 early adolescent respondents ranging in age from 12-13 years old in Sleman regency, Yogyakarta, using a random sampling technique. The validity of subjective well-being instruments was measured by using expert judgment and calculating Gregory’s formula. Instrument reliability was measured by Cronbach’s Alpha calculation. The results show that the subjective well-being instrument in the modified early adolescents has good validity and reliability so that the modification of this instrument can be used to measure the condition of subjective well-being in early adolescents in Indonesia.
Abidin, Z. (2017). Meningkatkan keterampilan membaca siswa kelas XI IPA-6 melalui metode SQ3R SMA Negeri 1 Bontonompo, Kecamatan Bontonompo, Kabupaten Gowa. Jurnal Nalar Pendidikan, 5(1), 55–63.
Akhtar, H. (2019). Evaluasi properti psikometris dan perbandingan model pengukuran konstruk subjective well-being. Jurnal Psikologi, 18(1), 29–40. https://doi.org/10.14710/jp.18.1.29-40.
Allen, M. J., & Yen, W. M. (1979). Introduction to measurement theory. Wadsworth: Waveland Press.
Arifin, Z. (2017). Kriteria instrumen dalam suatu penelitian. Jurnal Theorems (The Original Research of Mathematics), 2(1), 28–36. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.31949/th.v2i1.57.
Azwar, S. (2019). Penyusunan skala psikologi (2nd Ed.). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Bajaj, B., & Pande, N. (2016). Mediating role of resilience in the impact of mindfulness on life satisfaction and affect as indices of subjective well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 93, 63–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.09.005.
Casas, F. (2017). Analysing the comparability of 3 multi-item subjective well-being psychometric scales among 15 countries using samples of 10 and 12-year-olds. Child Indicators Research, 10(2), 297–330. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12187-015-9360-0.
Daukantaitė, D., Hefferon, K., & Sikström, S. (2016). The harmony in life scale complements the satisfaction with life scale: Expanding the conceptualization of the cognitive component of subjective well-being. Social Indicators Research, 126(2), 893–919. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-015-0903-z.
Diener, E. (2009). The science of well-being: The collected works of Ed Diener. In The Science of Well-Being. Oxford Scholarship Online. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567523.001.0001.
Diener, E., Oishi, S., & Lucas, R. E. (2003). Personality, culture, and subjective well-being: Emotional and cognitive evaluations of Life. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 403–425. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.54.101601.145056.
Garson, G. D. (2013). Validity and reliability (Statistical Aasociates blue book series). Statistical Publishing Associates.
Giyati, & Wardani, I. R. K. (2016). Ciri-ciri kepribadian dan kepatutan sosial sebagai prediktor subjective well-being (kesejahteraan subyektif) pada remaja akhir. Analitika, 8(1), 10–24.
Gregory, R. J. (2010). Tes psikologi: Sejarah, prinsip, dan aplikasi. Jakarta: Erlangga.
Holder, M. D. (2012). Happiness in children: Measurement, correlates and enhancement of positive subjective well-being. Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media.
Navarro, D., Montserrat, C., Malo, S., González, M., Casas, F., & Crous, G. (2015). Subjective well-being: What do adolescents say? Child and Family Social Work, 22(1), 175–184. https://doi.org/10.1111/cfs.12215.
Nima, A. A., Cloninger, K. M., Persson, B. N., Sikström, S., & Garcia, D. (2020). Validation of subjective well-being measures using item response theory. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1-33. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.03036.
Ronen, T., Hamama, L., Rosenbaum, M., & Mishely-Yarlap, A. (2016). Subjective well-being in adolescence: The role of self-control, social support, age, gender, and familial crisis. Journal of Happiness Studies, 17(1), 81–104. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-014-9585-5.
Sierra, J. O., Solana, R. A., Luis, E. C., Nalda, F. N., & Pedrero, E. F. (2017). Subjective well-being in adolescence: New psychometric evidences on the satisfaction with life scale. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 16(2), 236–244. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2017.1360179.
Steinmayr, R., Crede, J., McElvany, N., & Wirthwein, L. (2016). Subjective well-being, test anxiety, academic achievement: Testing for reciprocal effects. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01994.
Suryani., & Hendryadi. (2015). Metode riset kuantitatif: Teori dan aplikasi pada penelitian bidang manajemen dan ekonomi Islam. Jakarta: Prenada Media Group.
Tian, L., Yu, T., & Huebner, E. S. (2017). Achievement goal orientations and adolescents’ subjective well-being in school: The mediating roles of academic social comparison directions. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00037.
Trizano-Hermosilla, I., & Alvarado, J. M. (2016). Best alternatives to Cronbach’s alpha reliability in realistic conditions: Congeneric and asymmetrical measurements. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00769.
Wheatley, D. (2017). Time well spent: Subjective well-being and the organization of time. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield International.
Yang, Y., Li, P., & Kou, Y. (2017). Orientations to happiness and subjective well-being in Chinese adolescents. Child Indicators Research, 10(4), 881–897. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12187-016-9410-2.
Copyright (c) 2020 Humaniora
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License - Share Alike that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
c. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options, currently being defined for this journal as follows: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike (CC BY-SA)