Self-Reflection of Attitude after Teaching Abroad: A Narrative of Teaching Indonesian to American Students


  • Dyan Ayu Andawi Sebelas Maret University
  • Ngadiso Ngadiso Sebelas Maret University
  • Nur Arifah Drajati Sebelas Maret University



attitude development, self-reflection, teaching abroad, intercultural encounter, intercultural competence


This research aimed at exploring how the former participant of teaching abroad reflects intercultural experience in order to know the development of attitude as one of the descriptors of intercultural competence. The attitude being explored were (1) acknowledging the identities of others, (2) respecting otherness, (3) having empathy, (4) identifying positive and negative
emotion, and (5) tolerance for ambiguity. This research applied a qualitative method. The data were taken from the former grantee of Fulbright Foreign Language Teaching Assistant (FLTA) who taught Indonesian to the students of higher education in the U.S in the academic year of 2015/2016. The former grantee was examined after two years of the program. The research
was based on a narrative inquiry that used an instrument named the Autobiography of Intercultural Encounters. It was a selfreflection portfolio made specifically to reflect an intercultural encounter from the eye of the participant. The results indicate that the participant shows a considerable degree of reflection to five elements of attitude aforementioned. It gives a significant implication that the self-reflection increases the participant awareness upon the experience of otherness thus reinforcing the ability to evaluate the changes in attitude.


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Author Biographies

Dyan Ayu Andawi, Sebelas Maret University

Dyan Ayu Andawi is a last-year master student of English Education in Sebelas Maret University. She received a bachelor degree in the same field from the same university in 2013 and taught English, Civic Education, Arts and Music in Islamic high school afterward. She currently works on her Thesis in intercultural education field. She is interested in intercultural education/ pedagogy, language and culture, and sociopragmatics.

Ngadiso Ngadiso, Sebelas Maret University

Ngadiso is an Associate Professor who teaches bachelor and master program of English Education in Sebelas Maret University. He received his doctor degree of English Education from State University of Jakarta in 2004. Currently, he is in charge of Graduate School of English Education.

Nur Arifah Drajati, Sebelas Maret University

Nur Arifah Drajati is a Senior Lecturer who teaches in bachelor and master program of English Education in Sebelas Maret University. She received her doctor degree from State University of Jakarta in 2013.


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