Gender Construction of Women as Maung Geulis in Indonesian Football
Keywords:gender, women supporters, Maung Geulis, Persib, football
AbstractTalking about football, we could not separate it from the supremacy of masculinity that was created and rooted powerfully by men. It seemed that football was a sport that could be done merely by men and for men. That perspective became one of the most fundamental reasons why football was destined for men. However, there were a lot of women interested in football and becoming the supporter of the football team. Practically, these women supporters had their own labeling as supporters. It indicated that there was a role of women in football, either as a player or supporter. This study discussed the gender construction as a woman by means of the labeling itself. The qualitative-descriptive method was employed to investigate the women gender construction as ‘Maung Geulis’ in Indonesian football teams’ territory. The result shows how the manifestation of the women supporters in football can gain the motivation of morality to the football players in the field. Moreover, there is a desire of the women to show the gender equality through the labeling of ‘Maung Geulis’ as the women supporters. Either ‘Maung Geulis’ or other women supporters are attempted to locate the role of women in men’s domain. The potential of women as ‘Maung Geulis’ to be equal with men supporters is buried by the different labeling. The issue gives a distance of equality by using the political labeling becomes contra productive in the effort to construct the gender equality.
Badan Pengawasan Keuangan dan Pembangunan. (2015). Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 3 Tahun 2005 Tentang Sistem Keolahragaan Nasional. Retrieved November, 2015 from http://www.bpkp.go.id/uu/filedownload/2/38/199.bpkp.
Butler, J. (2006). Gender trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity (3th ed.). New York: Routledge.
Chang, C. (2006). The Influence of Masculinity and Femininity in Different Advertising Processing Contexts: An Accessibility Perspective. Sex Roles , 55(5), 345-356. doi:10.1007/s11199-006-9088-x.
Doewes, R. I., & Riyadi, S. (2016). The Social Identity of Football Supporters in Providing Sportive Support to AREMA Player (A Phenomenology Study to Supporter of AREMANIA in Malang). ICTTE FKIP UNS 2015. Malang, Indonesia.
Greco, J. (2013). Gender: A Social Construction. Sociological Imagination: Western’s Undergraduate Sociology Student Journal, 2(2), 1-8.
Kusuma, H. (2012). Polisi Turunkan Suporter Wanita. Palembang Tribunnews. Retrieved November 18th, 2015 from http://palembang.tribunnews.com/2012/03/17/polisi-turunkan-suporter-wanita (Originally photographed 2012).
Lenneis, V., & Pfister, G. (2015). Gender Constructions and Negotiations of Female Football Fans: A Case Study in Denmark. European Journal for Sport and Society, 12(2), 157-185.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License - Share Alike that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
c. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options, currently being defined for this journal as follows: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike (CC BY-SA)