in Search of Leaders with Chinesecharacteristics: A Reflection of Indonesia's 2014 General Election
Keywords:Chinese leaders, general election, factionalism, cadre recruiting and education
Article dealt with the questions of leadership transition in post–Mao Zedong/Deng Xiaoping era. During the time of Mao and Deng, factionalism played important roles in all segments of Chinese politics, including the election of a leader. After Mao and Deng, although factionalism persisted, it did not become contradiction, but rather it created a situation in which factions within the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) cooperated in all aspects of Chinese politics. The main objective of this research was the perpetuation of the party’s grip on political power . The article also dealt with the questions of recruiting and educating party cadres. Career paths of three post-Deng Chinese leaders, i.e., Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao, and Xi Jinping were also explored to explain the period they reached their peak of their careers by blood and sweat. This article finds that it cannot be denied that what is happening in China now in the area of leadership is using a system of a political dynasty.
BBC News-China. (2013, June 5). What does Xi Jinping’s China Dream mean?. Retrieved April 22, 2014 fromhttp://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-22726375
Bergsten, C. F., Freeman, C., Lardy, N. R., & Mitchell, D. J. (2009).China’s Rise: Challenges and Opportunities. Retrieved April 21, 2014 from http://books.google.co.id/books?id=0IMEt6YG6DgC
Callahan, W.A. (2012, November 7). Who is Xi Jinping, and where will he lead China? Open Democracy. Retrieved May 5, 2014 from https://www.opendemocracy.net/william-callahan/who-is-xi-jinping-and-where-will-he-lead-china
CCTV. (2003, July 15). 中国共产主义青年团简介 (ZhongguoGongchandangzhuyiqingniantuanjianjie). CCTV China Central Television.Retrieved May 7, 2014 from http://www.cctv.com/special/1072/-1/6.html
Gilley, B. (1998). Tiger on The Brink: Jiang Zemin and China’s New Elite. Retrieved May 5, 2014 from http://www.google.co.id/books?hl=en&lr=&id=0KxAH5K84xYC
Guo, W., Shan, W., & National University of Singapore. (2009). The local party schools and China's cadre education and training: Expectations and realities. Singapore: East Asian Institute, National University of Singapore.
Heisey, D. (2004). China’s President Hu Jintao’s Rhetoric of Socialization. Intercultural Communication Studies, XIII (3).Retrieved May 5, 2014 from http://web.uri.edu/iaics/files/01-D.-Ray-Heisey.pdf
Kristoff, N.D. (2013, January 5). Looking for a Jump-Start in China. The New York Times.Retrieved May 12, 2014 from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/06/opinion/sunday/kristof-looking-for-a-jump-start-in-china.html?_r=0
Kuhn, R.L. (2013, June 4). Xi Jinping’s Chinese Dream. The New York Times.Retrieved April 22, 2014 from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/05/opinion/global/xi-jinpings-chinese-dream.html
Li, C. (2001). China’s Leader: The New Generation. Retrieved April 21, 2014 from http://books.google.co.id/books?id=LUcNg8xYHtEC
Longman.(2006). LongmanLanguageActivator (2nded.). Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
RenminRibao. (2012, November 16). 人民对美好生活的向往就是我们的奋斗目标 (Renmin dui meihaoshenghuo de xiangwangjiushi women de fendoumubiao).Retrieved May 6, 2014 from http://paper.people.com.cn/rmrbhwb/html/2012-11/16/content_1143436.htm?div=-1
Renmin Ribao. (2013, May 5).习近平在同各界优秀青年代表座谈时强调:在实现中国梦的生动实践中放飞青春梦想在为人民利益的不懈奋斗中书写人生华章(Xi Jinping zai tong ge jie youxiu qingnian daibiao zuotan shi qiangdiao: zai shixian Zhongguo Meng de shengdong shijian zhong fangfei qingnian mengxiang zai wei renmin liyi de buxie fendou zhong shuxie rensheng huazhang). Retrieved March 25, 2014 from http://paper.people.com.cn/rmrb/html/2013-05/05/nw.D110000renmrb_20130505_2-01.htm
Taubman, P. (1997, November 2). The Chinese Fixation on Mikhail Gorbachev.TheNew York Times. Retrieved April 15, 2014 from http://www.nytimes.com/1997/11/02/opinion/editorial-observer-the-chinese-fixation-on-mikhail-gorbachev.html
Wolf,C. (2001, August 31). China’s Capitalist Join The Party. The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2014 from http://www.nytimes.com/2001/08/13/opinion/13WOLF.html
Wong, E. (2013, August 29). In Trial Account, Chinese Ex-Official Strays From Script. The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2014 from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/30/world/asia/in-trial-account-chinese-ex-official-strays-from-script.html
Xinhuanet. (2012, November 15). Xi Jinping - General Secretary of CPC Central Committee. Retrieved May 6, 2014 from http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/special/18cpcnc/2012-11/15/c_131977254.htm
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License - Share Alike that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
c. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options, currently being defined for this journal as follows: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike (CC BY-SA)