The Comparison of Oprah Shows from The Theory of Conversational Styles and Preference Structure
Keywords:comparison, conversation analysis, conversational style, characteristics of conversational style, preference structure
This paper intends to compare the conversational styles and the preference structure between Oprah shows in FRIENDS which is in a group guest and J.K. Rowling in a single guest. The data were taken from two different videos of Oprah transcribed and analysed. In FRIENDS edition, the conversational style is high considerateness style and in J.K. Rowling edition is high involvement style. The conversation in FRIENDS edition is relatively slower than in J.K. Rowling edition. Oprah as the host uses high involvement style in both editions. In FRIENDS edition, the first part of pairs that mostly occurs is question which the second part is expected answer, while J.K. Rowling is assessment which the second part is agreement. It means that they prefer using positive response rather than negative response.
Beaumont, S. L. (2000). Conversational style of mother and their preadolescent and middle adolescent daughter. Retrieved March 8, 2011, from http://findarticles.com
Christine. (2009). Conversation analysis on news interview with Barrack Hussein Obama: a pragmatic approach. Unpublished thesis. Jakarta: Bina Nusantara University.
Cutting, J. (2008). Pragmatic and discourse: A resource book for student. New York: Routledge.
Downes, W. (1998). Language and society. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Finegan, E. (1999). Language (Its Structure and Use). USA: Hacourt Brace College.
Jefferson, G. (2004). Glossary of Transcript Symbol. In G. H. Lerner, Conversation Analysis: Studies from the First Generation (pp. 24-31). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Kristian. T.T. (2007). Interruption and overlap produced by the host and hostess of Ceriwis in Trans TV. Unpublished thesis. Surabaya: Petra Christian University
Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sacks, H. (2004). The Organization of Turn-Taking in Conversation. In G. H. Lerner, Conversation Analysis: Studies from the First Generation (pp. 35-42). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Villain, N. B. (2003). Language, Culture, and Communication. New Jersey: Pearson Education.
Wray, A., & Bloomer, A. (2006). Projects in Linguistics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Yule, G. (2008). Pragmatics. United States: Oxford University Press.
Yule, G. (2006). The Study of Language. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License - Share Alike that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
c. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options, currently being defined for this journal as follows: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike (CC BY-SA)