A Study on Freedom of Speech Based on Politness Strategies Used by the Jakarta Post Readers

Authors

  • Muhartoyo Muhartoyo Bina Nusantara University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21512/humaniora.v2i2.3164

Keywords:

politeness strategy, freedom of expression, democracy

Abstract

Freedom of speech or expression is an indication of a democratic country. Indonesia that has transformed itself from an authoritarian government during the New Order Era into a democratic country in the so called Reform Era. This study is an attempt to find out the existence of freedom of expression in the Indonesian printed media. The data were collected from the Jakarta Post Readers’Forum from 1 November 2010 to 28 February 2011. The data were then classified and analysed based on Brown and Levinson’s theory of politeness strategies. The data analysis shows that a lot of utterances can be classified under Politeness Strategy 1 (the least polite strategy out of the four strategies). This proves that people are now free to express their ideas and criticisms in the most direct manner without fear of being arrested or reprimanded by the government. Even the sensitive issues like SARA (Ethnic, Religion, Racial and Communal) conflicts can be freely discussed in the printed media. Thus freedom of expression is prevailing in Indonesia under the New Era government.

Author Biography

Muhartoyo Muhartoyo, Bina Nusantara University

Jurusan Sastra Inggris, Fakultas Humaniora

References

Aileen, B.,Griffths, P., & Merrison, A. J. (2005). Introducing language in use: A coursebook. London: Routledge.

Brown, P., & Levinson, S. C. (1978). Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Depatment of Linguistics. (1997). Politeness: Examples from Brown & Levinson’s politeness strategies. Retrieved: 15 September, 2008 from: http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/socioling/strat.html

Holmes, J. (1992). An introduction to sociolinguistics (2nd ed.). New York: Longman.

Jaworski, A., & Coupland, N (Eds.). (1999). The discourse reader (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.

Lakoff, R. (1977). What you can do with words: Politeness, pragmatics, and performatives. In , A. Rogers, B. Wall, & J. P. Murphy (Eds.), Proceedings of the Texas Conference on Performatives, Presuppositions, and Implicatures (pp. 79-103). Colorado: Universities of Colorado Libraries Boulder.

Watts, R. J. (2003). Politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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Published

2011-10-31

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