Akulturasi Arsitektur Kolonial Belanda pada Rumah Toko Cina Peranakan di Jakarta

Authors

  • Christianto Roesli Bina Nusantara University
  • Sri Rachmayanti Bina Nusantara University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21512/humaniora.v5i1.3014

Keywords:

acculturation, shop house, Chinese descendants

Abstract

Indonesia is a nation consisting of various ethnicities, races, and cultures. It is because the location of the Indonesian archipelago was in the traffic trade in the early days of the 5th century AD. Chinese ethnic is one ethnicity that already has had a relationship with the Southeast Asian region. In the 19th century shop houses were spread in the coastal areas and concentrated only in the Chinatown. Research used qualitative method with a historical approach. Data were obtained from a variety of literature, both journal articles, books, and the Internet. The results show that in the beginning the shop houses were built by the colonial government to implement a plot system such in the Europe. However, by the influence of the Chinese descendants, limited land with a high population density makes the system become a clever problem solving. Acculturation is a process that refers to the cultural and psychological changes due to encounters with culturally different people. This process allows culture and ethnic groups adapt to another culture. Research concludes that shop house can be seen as a result of Chinese descendants and Dutch acculturation existing in the coastal cities of Indonesia.

 

Dimensions

Plum Analytics

Author Biographies

Christianto Roesli, Bina Nusantara University

Interior Design Department, School of Design

Sri Rachmayanti, Bina Nusantara University

Interior Design Department, School of Design

References

Clenet, P. (2006, May). File: Amsterdam 052006.jpg. Diakses 28 Mei 2013 dari http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amsterdam_052006.jpg

Handinoto & Soehargo. (1996). Perkembangan Kota dan Arsitektur Kolonial Belanda di Malang, Surabaya: Universitas Petra.

Hidayat, J. (2009, Des.). Paradigma individual konstruksi identitas dalam desain hibrid: ilusi dimensi tunggal identitas yang bersifat kolektif, studi kasus: desain rumah Tionghoa peranakan. ITB J.Vis Art & Des, 3(1), 25-42.

Julianto, I. (2008). Komunitas Lintas Budaya Indonesia. Peranakan Tionghoa Indonesia. Jakarta: Intisari.

Khol, D. G. (1984). Chienese Architecture in the Starits Settlements and Western Malaya; Temples, Kongis and Houses. Kuala Lumpur: Henemann Educational Books (Asia).

Knapp, R. G. (2010). Chinese Houses of Southeast Asia. Singapore: Tuttle Publishing.

Merrillees, S. (2010). Batavia in Nineteenth Century Photographs, Singapore: Editions Didier Millet.

Nadyadilaga, A. R. (2009). Bahan Perkuliahan Master Desain I. Jakarta: Program Master Desain Produk Universitas Trisakti.

Nasution, K. S. (2009). Heritage House of Penang. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions.

Powell, R. (2004). Singapore Architecture. Singapore: Periplus.

Prijotomo, J. (1987). Komposisi Olah Tampang Arsitektur Kampung Surabaya. Surabaya: Pusat Penelitian Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November.

Salmon, Cl., & Lombard, D. (1985). Les Chinois de Jakarta-Temple et Vie Collective, Secmi, Gue’ret. Jakarta: Cipta Loka Caraka.

Stamet Ahmad Yani Semarang. (n.d.). Monsun. Diakses 28 Mei 2013 dari http://www.cuacajateng.com/monsun.htm

Viaro, A. (1992). Is The Chinese Shophouse Chinese? (Draft English translation from “Le Compartiment Chinois est-il Chinois?”) Marseille: Parentheses.

Widodo, J. (2004). The Boat and The City, Chinese Diaspora and Architecture of Southeast Asian Coastal Cities. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish International.

Downloads

Published

2014-04-01

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract 565  .
PDF downloaded 904  .