Optimalisasi Soft Skill Mahasiswa Akuntansi Universitas Bina Nusantara Melalui Effective Team Building: Pendekatan Eksperimental


  • Noviyanti Noviyanti Universitas Bina Nusantara
  • Gatot Soepriyanto Universitas Bina Nusantara




soft skill, effective team building, McGrath model


This study aim's to analyze the differences the methods of team forming between team members selected by their own without intervention from the lecturer, the team members selected by the students themselves with the intervention from lecturer for the next phase (McGrath's model input phase), and designed team by lecturers with McGrath's model application, the establishment of this method's to determine the most effective team. Research methodology used in this study is an experimental method that targeted students who are majoring in accounting through the course of Accounting Theory and Accounting Non-Profit in the whole semester 2008/2009 in Bina Nusantara University. The statistical methods employed are simple correlation, ANOVA, Welch, Brown-Forsythe and Tamhane's T. Our research find that the most effective method is the method of team forming with the application by lecturers with McGrath's model, because the quality of the team performance leads the team into the formation of the same stage with other methods, but is able to reach the highest assignment values than other methods. In addition, the most important in forming an effective team is the quality of various inputs that will be included in the team. McGrath's application model provides the opportunity for the students to be able to work with different partners, who may not know very close each other. Therefore this method can optimize student soft skills in teamwork. 


Plum Analytics

Author Biographies

Noviyanti Noviyanti, Universitas Bina Nusantara

Jurusan Akuntansi

Gatot Soepriyanto, Universitas Bina Nusantara

Jurusan Akuntansi 


Active Transformation (2007). Membangun tim yang solid. Diakses tanggal 6 Maret 2009 dari http://activetransformation.blogspot.com/2007/12/membangun-tim-yang-solid.html.

Aczel, A. D. (2002). Complete business statistics, 5th ed., New York: McGraw-Hill.

American Institute of Certified Public Accounting (AICPA). (2005). AICPA Core competency frame work for entry into the accounting profesion. Retrieved from http://www.aicpa.org/edu/corecomp.html.

Barrick, M., and M. Mount (1991). The big five personality dimensions and job performance: A metanalysis. Personnel Psychology, 44, 1-26.

Bateman, B., C., Wilson, and D. Bingham (2002). Team effectiveness - development of an audit questionnaire. The Journal of Management Development, 21 (3), 215-226.

Bryant, S. M. (2001). A blueprint for an AIS consulting course. Journal of Information System, 15 (1), 19-34.

Bryan, S., and Albrings. (2006). Effective team building: Guidance for accounting educators. Journal of Accounting Education, 21, 241-265.

Burch, C. (1997). Creating a two-tiered portfolio rubric. English Journal, 86, 55-58.

Champion, J. J., G. Medsker, and A. Higgs. (1993). Relations between work group characteristics and effectiviness: Implications for designing effective work groups. Personnel Psychology, 46, 823-850.

Chang, R. Y. (1999). Membangun tim yang dinamis: Seri panduan praktis no. 8, Jakarta: Gramedia.

Chang, R. Y. (1999). Sukses melalui kerjasama tim: Seri panduan praktis, Jakarta: Gramedia.

Cockriel, I. (2001). Forming instructional groups from sociometric data. Educations, 93 (4), 393-395.

Colbeck, C., S. Campbell, and S. Bjorklund. (2000). Grouping in the dark: What college student learn from group projects. The Journal of Higher Educations, 10, 95-111.

Danko, K., J. Duke, and D. Franz. (1992). Predicting student performance in accounting classes. Journal of Education for Business, 270-274.

Dudley, M. (2001). Speaking my mind. English Journal, 90, 19-20.

Feitctner, S., and E. Davis. (1992). Why some groups fail: A survey of student’ experiences with learning groups. In collaborative learnings: A sourcebook for higher education, edited by A. Goodsell, M. Maher, and V. Tinto. University Park, PA: National Center on Postsecondary Teaching, Learning and Assesment.

Greenberg, J. (1996). Managing behavior in organizations. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Grudnitski, G. (1997). A forecast of achievement from student profile data. Journal of Accounting Education, 15 (4), 549-558.

Hackman, J. R. (1987). The design of work teams. In handbook of organizational behavior, edited by J. W. Lorsch. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Hermana. (2008). Hard skill dan soft skill. Diakses tanggal 21 Januari 2009 dari http://nustaffsite.gunadarma.ac.id/blog/bhermana/2008/05/19/hard-skills-dan-soft skills/.

Hoevemeyer, V. (1993). How effective is your time? Training and Development, (September), 67-71.

Holcomb, J., and R. Ruffer. (2000). Using a term-long project sequence in introductory statistics the American statistician, 54, 49-53.

Jex, S. (2002). Organizational pscyhology: A scientific-practitioner approach, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Katzenbach, J., and C. K. Smith. (1999). The wisdom of teams: Creating the high performance organization, New York: Harver Collins Publishers, Inc.

Koppenhaver, G., and C. Shrader. (2003). Structuring the classroom for performance: Cooperative learning with instructor – assigned teams. Decisions Sciences, 1 (1), 1-15.

Lancaster, K., and C. Strand. (2001). Using the team learning model in a managerial accounting class: An experiment in cooperative learning. Issues in Accounting Education, 16 (4), 549- 567.

Lasahido, I. (2008). Membangun tim yang efektif. Diakses tanggal 27 Februari 2009 dari http://www.bppk.depkeu.go.id/webpegawai/index.php?option=com_docman&task=catview& gid=52&Itemid=61.

Latane, B., and S. Nida. (1980). Social impact theory and group influence: A social engineering perspective. In Psychology of group influence, edited by P. B. Paulus. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Lencioni, P. (2005). The five dysfunctions of a team: A field guid for leders, managers, and facilitators, San Fransisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Maddux, R. B. (2001). Team Building ed2: Kiat membangun tim yang handal. Diterjemahkan oleh Hananto, K.P, Jakarta: Esensi, divisi penerbit Erlangga.

Manchester Open Learning Staff. (1993). Achieving goals through teamwork: Management action guides. United Kingdom: Kogan Page.

Markel, M. (1998). Technical communication: Situations and strategies, 5th ed., New York: St. Martins Press.

McClough, A., and S. Rogelberg. (2003). Selection in teams: An exploration of team work knowledge, skill, and ability test. International Journal of Selection an Assessment, 11 (1), 56-66.

McGrath, J. (1964). Social psychology: A brief introduction, New York: Holt.

Papu, J. (2004). Team work. Diakses tanggal 6 Maret 2009 dari


Pelled, L., K. Ein Eisenhardt, and K. Xin. (1999). Exploring the black box: An analysis of work group diversity, conflict, and performance. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44, 1-28.

Prast, D. (2008). Kualitas personal yang dibutuhkan dalam dunia kerja. Diakses tanggal 16 Januari 2009 dari http://www.dimasprast.com/2008/06/kualitas-personal-yang-dibutuhkan dalam.html.

Ravenscroft, S., F. Buckless, G. McCombs, and G. Zuckerman. (1995). Incentives in student team learning: An experiment in cooperative group learning. Issues in Accounting Education, 10 (Spring), 97 – 109.

Robbins, S. P. (2006). Perilaku organisasi, edisi kesepuluh. Diterjemahkan oleh Benyamin, M., Jakarta: PT Indeks Kelompok Gramedia.

Robbins, S. P. (1997). Essentials of organizational behavior, Upper saddle river, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Santosa, P. B., dan Ashari. (2005). Analisis statistik dengan microsoft excel dan spss, Yogyakarta: Andi.

Sekaran. (2003). Research methods for business: A skill building approach, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Smith, M. K. (2005). 'Bruce W. Tuckman - forming, storming, norming and performing in groups, the encyclopaedia of informal education. Diakses tanggal 6 Maret 2009 dari http://www.infed.org/thinkers/tuckman.html.

Speck, B. (2002). Facilitating students’ collaborative writing. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, 28 (6), San Fransisco, CA: Jossey-Bass


Sugiyono. (2007). Metode penelitian bisnis, Bandung: Alfabeta.

Tin, Se. (2007). Membentuk soft skill mahasiswa akuntansi melalui effective team building dalam ruang kelas: sebuah aplikasi McGrath’s Model. Paper dipresentasikan pada Simposium Nasional Akuntansi 10, Universitas Hasanudin, Makasar.



Abstract 661  .
PDF downloaded 551  .