Identification of Architectural Functions in A Four-Dimensional Space


  • Firza Utama Bina Nusantara University
  • Daryanto Daryanto Bina Nusantara University



virtual architecture, four-dimensional space, controller system


This research has explored the possibilities and concept of architectural space in a virtual environment. The virtual environment exists as a different concept, and challenges the constraints of the physical world. One of the possibilities in a virtual environment is that it is able to extend the spatial dimension higher than the physical three-dimension. To take the advantage of this possibility, this research has applied some geometrical four-dimensional (4D) methods to define virtual architectural space. The spatial characteristics of 4D space is established by analyzing the four-dimensional structure that can be comprehended by human participant for its spatial quality, and by developing a system to control the fourth axis of movement. Multiple three-dimensional spaces that fluidly change their volume have been defined as one of the possibilities of virtual architectural
space concept in order to enrich our understanding of virtual spatial experience.


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