Model Persamaan Simultan pada Analisis Hubungan Kemiskian dan PDRB


  • Rokhana Dwi Bekti Bina Nusantara University
  • David David Bina Nusantara University
  • Gita N Bina Nusantara University
  • Priscillia Priscillia Bina Nusantara University
  • Serlyana Serlyana Bina Nusantara University



GDRP, poverty, Simultaneous equations model


Simultaneous model is a model for some equation which have simultaneous relationships. It was often found in econometrics, such as the relationship between Gross Domestic Regional Product (GDRP) and poverty. GDP is a common indicator that can be used to determine the economic growth occurred in region. Meanwhile, poverty is one of the indicators to measure the society welfare. Information about these relathionships were important to perform the relathionsips between GDP and poverty. So this research conducted an analysis to obtain simultaneous models between GDRP and poverty. Estimation of the parameters used is Two-Stage Least Squares Estimation (2SLS). The data used are 33 provinces in Indonesia at 2010. By α = 5%, it was conclude that variable which significant effect on GDRP is poverty, export, and import. Meanwhile, the variables that significantly affect poverty are population. The simultaneous model (α = 5%) also conclude that there is no simultaneous relationship between GDRP and poverty. However, with α = 25%, there is a simultaneous relationship between GDRP and poverty.


Plum Analytics


Bank Indonesia. (2014). Statistik Ekonomi dan Keuangan Daerah (SEKDA). Diakses pada 17 Februari 2014, dari /statistik /sekda/Default.aspxv

Biro Pusat Statistik. (2014). Jumlah dan Persentase Penduduk Miskin, Garis Kemiskinan, Indeks Kedalaman Kemiskinan (P1), dan Indeks Keparahan Kemiskinan (P2) Menurut Provinsi. Diakses pada 17 Februari 2014, dari

______. (2014). Produk Domestik Regional Bruto Atas Dasar Harga Konstan 2000 Menurut Provinsi, 2004-2012 (Milyar Rupiah). Diakses pada 17 Februari 2014, dari ()

______. (2014). Penduduk Indonesia menurut Provinsi 1971, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000 dan 2010. Diakses pada 17 Februari 2014, dari

Basmann, R. L. (1957). A Generalized Classical Method of Linear Estimation of Coefficients in a Structural Equation. Econometrica (25): 77–83.

Gujarati, D. N. (2010). Basic Econometrics. New York: Mc Graw-hill Companies. ISBN:9780071276252

Hill, R. C., Griffiths, W. E., Lim, G. C., Berenson, M.L. (2011). Principles of Econometrics. 4th Edition. United States: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Lopez-Espin, J. J., Vidal, A. M., Giménez, D. (2012). Two-stage least squares and indirect least squares algorithms for simultaneous equations models. Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 236(15): 3676-3684.

Ruxanda dan Muraru. (2010). FDI and Economic Growth. Evidence From Simultaneous Equation Models. Romanian Journal of Economic Forecasting (1/2010): 45-58.

Theil, H. (1953). Repeated Least-Squares Applied to Complete Equation Systems. The Netherlands: The Hague The Central Planning Bureau.






Abstract 1027  .
PDF downloaded 1054  .