THE IDENTIFICATION OF EAR PRINTS USING COMPLEX GABOR FILTERS
AbstractBiometrics is a method used to recognize humans based on one or a few characteristics
physical or behavioral traits that are unique such as DNA, face, fingerprints, gait, iris, palm, retina,
signature and sound. Although the facts that ear prints are found in 15% of crime scenes, ear prints
research has been very limited since the success of fingerprints modality. The advantage of the use
of ear prints, as forensic evidence, are it relatively unchanged due to increased age and have fewer
variations than faces with expression variation and orientation. In this research, complex Gabor
filters is used to extract the ear prints feature based on texture segmentation. Principal component
analysis (PCA) is then used for dimensionality-reduction where variation in the dataset is
preserved. The classification is done in a lower dimension space defined by principal components
based on Euclidean distance. In experiments, it is used left and right ear prints of ten respondents
and in average, the successful recognition rate is 78%. Based on the experiment results, it is
concluded that ear prints is suitable as forensic evidence mainly when combined with other
Keywords: Biometrics; Ear prints; Complex Gabor filters; Principal component analysis;
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