Non-Native Speakers’ Rhetorical Commonalities in Writing Script Introduction Section


  • Iskandar Abdul Samad Syiah Kuala University Darussalam Banda Aceh, Indonesia, 23111
  • Bustami Usman Syiah Kuala University
  • Novalia Rizkanisa Syiah Kuala University
  • Siti Sarah Fitriani Syiah Kuala University



rhetorical pattern, introduction section, writing script, non-native speakers


This research analyzed the rhetorical pattern (RP) of script Introduction section written by undergraduate students at four selected universities in Aceh. Information about the RP of introduction section had been found in literature, including the work of Indonesian students in general. However, specific information about the RP of the work of EFL students in Aceh was not determined yet. The main aim of the study was to explore whether Acehnese students
performed the exact pattern of written Academic English. Understanding the RP of this section was important because it helped readers to have a description of the whole script. A qualitative method was applied in this study to draw the RP through the content analysis. The data were taken from twenty undergraduate students’ scripts at four selected universities. CARS model was used to analyze all the data. In general, the result shows a unique RP of the Introduction
section by Acehnese students where RP of introduction section maintains the circular way of thinking.


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Author Biography

Iskandar Abdul Samad, Syiah Kuala University Darussalam Banda Aceh, Indonesia, 23111

Iskandar Abdul Samad is an alumni of University of New England (UNE), Australia. He completed his PhD degree at this university in 2016. His research interest is in language teaching methods and approaches, including the use of genre approach for teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL) and communicative language teaching generally. Before completing his PhD at UNE, he had completed his Master’s degree in Applied Linguistics at Macquarie University (MQ), Australia in 2007. He has taught English as a Foreign Language for more than 13 years at Syiah Kuala University, Aceh, Indonesia. He established a private foundation, Rumoh Bahasa, where he also teaches EFL. Iskandar is an avid reader and writer. He has attended and presented papers at national and international conferences, has published journal articles and has written books on teaching English for novice students.


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