Rich Language Learning Environment and Young Learners’ Literacy Skills in English

Authors

  • Luh Putu Artini Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21512/lc.v11i1.1587

Keywords:

learning environment, rich language learning environment, literacy skills, English for young learners, selfdirected learning skill

Abstract

This research aimed at developing rich language learning environment to help elementary school students develop their literacy skills in English. Shortage of professional English teachers in primary school, limited time allocation, as well as the lack of tools and facilities that support English language teaching and learning for young learners had resulted in students’ low literacy skills in English. It was tried out in six primary schools across Bali involving 12 teachers and 520 students. The data were collected through questionnaires, observation, interview, English literacy tests, and students’ literacy journals. Research finds that young learners should have the opportunity to learn by doing without too much intervention so that a natural process of learning could occur. The product comprises multiple literacy experiences in the form of five different texts. The findings reveal that the readability of the material is in the category of high. The systematic exposures of these materials to beginner learners of English have been proven to have the significant impact on their literacy skills. The highest improvement is found in word level (87,1%), followed by sentence level (56,2%), and discourse level (46,8%). The improvements are all confirmed at the significance level of 0,05. The research also finds that RLLE has the positive impact on the development of self-directed learning skills.

Dimensions

Plum Analytics

Author Biography

Luh Putu Artini, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

Luh Putu Artini earned her MA degree in Applied Linguistics from La Trobe University and PhD. in English Education from Newcadtle University, Australia. Her research major interest is in EFL and EYL pedagogy and Bilingual Education.

References

Akazawa, C. (2016). A Case study for Teaching Pre-Literacy

Skills to EFL learners. The Language Teacher, 40(1), 29 - 30. Retrieved on 20 August 2016 from: http://jalt-publications.org/tlt/departments/young-learners/articles/4973-case-study-teaching-pre-literacyskills-efl-leaners

Ara, S. (2009). Use of Songs, Rhymes, and Games in Teaching English to Young Learners in Banglades. Dhaka University Journal of Linguistics, 2(3), 161 - 172. doi: 10.3329/dujl.v2i3.4150.

Artini, L. P. (2006). Learning English in Bali: Investigating

Beliefs and Language Learning Strategies. Unpublished PhD thesis.

Artini, L. P. (2009a). Pengembangan Dynamic Qualities Sebagai Upaya Optimalisasi Potensi Berbahasa Inggris Siswa SMA di Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian Kebijakan Pendidikan, 4(2), 83-100.

Artini, L. P. (2009b). Teaching English for Young Learners

in Indonesia: Methods and Strategies. Book Manuscript.

Brewster, J., Ellis, G., & Girard, D. (2007). The Primary English Teacher Guide. Harlow: Pearson Education Ltd.

Butler, A., & Turbill, J. (1984). Towards a Reading-Writing

Classroom. Rosebery: Bridge Printery Pty. Ltd.

Cook, V. (2001). Second Language Learning and Language

Teaching (3rd edition). Madison Avenue, NY: Oxford University.

Copland, F., & Garton, S. (2014). Keythemes and Future Directions in Teaching English to Young Learners: Introduction to the special issue. ELT Journal, 68(3), 223-230.

Damar, E. A., Gursoy, E., & Korkmaz, S. C. (2013). Teaching English to Young Learners: Through the Eyes of EFL Teacher Trainers. ELT Research Journal, 2(3), 95-110.

deBot, K. (2014). The Effectiveness of Early Foreign Language Learning in the Netherland. Studies in Second Language Learning, 4(3), 409-418.

Depdiknas. (2009). Pedoman Pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris di Sekolah Dasar. Jakarta: Direktorat Jendral Pembinaan Taman Kanak-Kanak dan Sekolah Dasar

Dick, W., & Cary, L. (1990). The Systematic Design of Instruction (3rd edition). Harper Collins.

Hayes, D. (2007). English Language Teaching and Systemic

Change at the Primary Level: Issues in Innovation. A Collection of Papers. Primary Innovations Regional Seminar. Hanoi, March 2007.

Hu, Y. (2007). China’s foreign language policy on primary

English Education: What’s behind it? Language Policy, 6(3), 359-376.

Jennaway, M. (2002). Sisters and Lovers. Women and Desire

in Bali. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Kusuma, P. I. (2012). Developing Culture-Based Reading Materials for the Fifth Grade Students of Elementary Schools in Buleleng Regency. Unpublished thesis: Undiksha.

Lamb, M. (2003). Integrative Motivation in Globalizing World. System Journal, 32(1), 3-19.

Liu, J. (2010). An Experimental Study on the Effectiveness

of Multimedia in College English Teaching. English Language Teaching Journal. 3(1), 191-194.

Long, M. (1990). Maturational constraints on language

development. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 12(1), 251-285.

Michie, J. (2011). What is Independent Learning? Retrieved

March 2016 from http://jamesmichie.com/blog/2011/10/what-is-independent-learning/

Moyer, A. (2014). What’s age got to do whit it? Accounting

for Individual Factors in Second language Accent. Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, 4(3), 443-464.

Rass, R. A., & Holzman, S. (2010). Children’s Literature in Traditional Arab Schools for Teaching English as a Foreign Language. English Language Teaching Journal, 3(1), 64-70.

Sarem, S. N., & Hamidi, H. (2012). Best Time to start foreign/second language. Advances in Linguistics (AEL), 1(4), 76-79.

Scott, W. A., & Ytreberg, L. H. (2004). Teaching English to Children. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.

Sikki, E. A. A., Rahman, A., Hamra, A., & Noni, H. (2013).

The competence of Primary school English teachers in Indonesia. Journal of Education and Practice, 4(11), 139-145.

Watanabe, Y., & Caprio, M. (1999). Second Language Literacy through Student-Centered Learning. The Internet TESL Journal, 5(2). Retrived April 2016 from http://itelslj.org/Articles/Caprio-

StudentCentered.html

Winch, G., Johnston, R. R., March, P., Ljungdahl, L., & Holliday, M. (2006). Literacy, Reading and Writing and Children Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Yelland, N. (ed.). (2006). Critical Issues in Early Childhood

Education. New York: Open University Press.

Whitehead, J. (2007). The British Council and English

Language in SE Asia: Setting the Context. A Collection of Papers. Primary Innovations Regional

Seminar. Hanoi, March 2007.

Downloads

Published

2017-05-31
Abstract 2544  .
PDF downloaded 1404  .