Modified Zero Overloading Policy Impact to Pavement’s Service Life


  • Reni Karno Kinasih Mercu Buana University
  • Mukhlisya Dewi Ratna Putri Mercu Buana University
  • Nabila Nabila Mercu Buana University



Overloading truck, pavement service life, vdf, ESA


Indonesia have not finished yet with the overloading truck problem which makes early failure in Indonesia pavements, mainly in national highways such as Pantura national highway. This is the first research which the aim is to compare the Cumulative Equivalent Single Axle Load (CESA) between 4 policy conditions; (1) zero overloading policy enforced; (2) modified 1 zero overloading policy enforced with 40% legal overloading tolerance for the nine-daily needs (rice, sugar, cooking oil, soy beans, salt, meat, chicken, eggs, onion), portland cement and fertilizer trucks; (3) modified 2 zero overloading policy enforced with 50% legal overloading tolerance for the same transporter as point (3); (4) no policy. This modification of the policy considered to avoid the price increment of those goods caused by the rising expedition cost. The Liddle’s formula used with k–factor = 1 for single axles, 0.086 and 0.031 for tandem and tridem axles. The finding of the study shows decreasing CESA between the alternatives compare to no policy applied. Application of policy 2 and 3 reduce the CESA number as much 44% and 34% respectively, there is 10% displaced cargo difference between policy 2 and 3 which must be loaded to other vehicles

Plum Analytics

Author Biographies

Reni Karno Kinasih, Mercu Buana University

Civil Engineering Department 

Mukhlisya Dewi Ratna Putri, Mercu Buana University

Civil Engineering Department

Nabila Nabila, Mercu Buana University

Civil Engineering Department


(n.d.). Retrieved 7 3, 2019, from Pavement Interactive:

Road Pavement Manual with the Benkelman Beam Tool. (1983). Jakarta: Directorat General Bina Marga, Public Work Ministry Republic of Indonesia.

Circular Letter of Directorate General of Land Transportation No. SE.02/AJ.108/DRJD/2008 Concerning the Maximum Permitted Load and Permitted Combination Load. (2008). Indonesia: Directorate General of Land Transportation.

Republic of Indonesia Constitution No. 22 Tahun 2009 Concerning to Road Traffic and Transport. (2009). (2018, January 23). Retrieved Januari 12, 2019

Aliy. (2018, July 31). Retrieved Januari 12, 2019

Atiya, A. F., Sari, O. D., Purwanto, D., & Setiadji, B. H. (2014). Analysis of the Effect of Weighbridge Performance on Pavement and Designed Pavement Age (Case Study Salam Weigh Bridge, Magelang). Jurnal Karya Teknik Sipil, 662-673.

Ede, A. N. (2014). Cumulative Damage Effects of Truck Overloads on Nigerian Road Pavement. International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering IJCEE-IJENS.

Hadiwardoyo, S. P., Jachrizal, R. S., & Berawi, M. (2012). Tolerance limit for trucks with excess load in transport regulation in Indonesia. Makara Journal of Technology.

Hatmoko, J. U. (2017). Evaluation of the Effects of Floods, Overload, and Construction Quality to Road Conditions. Jurnal Transportasi, 89-98.

Jayswal, H., Karli, S., & Vaidhya, V. (2017). Truck Overloading Study on Ahmedabad Ring Road and Strategy to Minimize its Impact. International Journal of Advance Research in Engineering, Science & Technology (IJAREST).

Jihanny, J., Subagio, B. S., & Hariyadi, E. S. (2018). The Analysis of Overloaded Trucks in Indonesia Based on Weight In Motion Data (East Sumatera National Road Case Study). Jurnal MATEC.

Karim, M. R., Abdullah, A. S., Yamanaka, H., Abdullah, A. S., & Ramli, R. (2013). Degree of Vehicle Overloading and its Implication on Road Safety in Developing Countries. IISTE.

Kinasih, R. K. (2013). Thesis: Impact of Truck Axle Number Due to Overloading to Pavement Service Life. Depok: Universitas Indonesia.

Kinasih, R. K. (2014). Impact Simulation Axle Truck with Excess of Achievements Age Content Services. SCIRJ.

Kinasih, R. K. (2014). Pengaruh Jumlah Sumbu Truk Akibat Muatan Berlebih Terhadap Umur Perkerasan Jalan. SCIRJ.

Ojha, K. N. (2018). Overloading and Pavement Service Life —A Case Study on NarayanghatMugling Road, Nepal. Journal of Transportation Technologies, 343-356.

Palmaputri. (2016). Analysis of Overloading Vehicle to Pavement and It's Service Life (Case Study Weigh Bridge Kulwaru). Yogyakarta: Universitas Atmajaya Yogyakarta.

PK., S. H., & Prathap, R. C. (2018). Study on Impact of Vehicle Overloading on National Highways in Varying Terrains. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology (IJERT).

Prasetyo, A. (2013). Analysis of Overloading to Pavement Designed Service Life Using Nottingham Design Method (Case Studys Pantura Highway). Surakarta: Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta.

Raheel, M., Khan, R., Khan, A., Khan, M. T., Ali, I., Alam, B., et al. (2018). Impact of Axle Overload, Asphalt Pavement Thickness and Subgrade Modulus on Load Equivalency Factor Using Modified ESALs Equation. Cogent Engineering.

Rakhmani, F. (2015). Government Responsibilities Due to Road Damage to Motor Vehicle Accidents Based on Article 28 of Act No.22 of 2009 concerning Road Traffic and Transportation. Jurnal Nestor.

Rifai, A. I., Hadiwardoyo, S. P., Correia, A. G., Pereira, P., & Cortez, P. (2015). The Data Mining Applied for The Prediction of Highway Roughness Due to Overloaded. International Journal of Technology, 751-761.

Samiaji. (2011). CO2 Gas in the Territory of Indonesia. Jurnal Berita Dirgantara, 68-75.

Sicca, S. P. (2018, Agustus 5). Retrieved January 12, 2019

Sicca, S. P. (2018, July 3). Retrieved January 12, 2019

Simanjuntak, G. I., Pramusetyo, A., Riyanto, B., & Supriyono. (2014). Analysis of Overloading to Pvement Performance and Designed Service Life of Flexible Pavement (Case Study Pringsurat Highway, Ambarawa – Magelang). Jurnal Karya Teknik Sipil, 539-551.

Titi, H. H., Coley, N. J., & Latifi, V. (2018). Evaluation of Pavement Performance due to Overload Single-Trip Permit Truck Traffic in Wisconsin. Hindawi Journal Advances in Civil Engineering, 11.

Wahyudi, W., Ganis, E., Soemarno, & Mulyono, A. T. (2014). Effect of Overloading Freight Vehicle to Increased Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Case Study: East Java Province). International Refereed Journal of Engineering and Science (IRJES), 30-38.

Widyaningsih, N., & Sutanto, B. (2018). Influence of hyacinth plant as filler on mixed ac-wc (asphalt concrete - wearing course) with marshall test. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.






Abstract 227  .
PDF downloaded 322  .